Copyright | (c) 2018 Kowainik |
---|---|
License | MIT |
Maintainer | Kowainik <xrom.xkov@gmail.com> |
Safe Haskell | Safe |
Language | Haskell2010 |
Reexports Data.Foldable and Data.Traversable.
Synopsis
- class Foldable (t :: * -> *) where
- find :: Foldable t => (a -> Bool) -> t a -> Maybe a
- all :: Foldable t => (a -> Bool) -> t a -> Bool
- any :: Foldable t => (a -> Bool) -> t a -> Bool
- or :: Foldable t => t Bool -> Bool
- and :: Foldable t => t Bool -> Bool
- concatMap :: Foldable t => (a -> [b]) -> t a -> [b]
- concat :: Foldable t => t [a] -> [a]
- asum :: (Foldable t, Alternative f) => t (f a) -> f a
- sequence_ :: (Foldable t, Monad m) => t (m a) -> m ()
- sequenceA_ :: (Foldable t, Applicative f) => t (f a) -> f ()
- forM_ :: (Foldable t, Monad m) => t a -> (a -> m b) -> m ()
- mapM_ :: (Foldable t, Monad m) => (a -> m b) -> t a -> m ()
- for_ :: (Foldable t, Applicative f) => t a -> (a -> f b) -> f ()
- traverse_ :: (Foldable t, Applicative f) => (a -> f b) -> t a -> f ()
- foldlM :: (Foldable t, Monad m) => (b -> a -> m b) -> b -> t a -> m b
- class (Functor t, Foldable t) => Traversable (t :: * -> *) where
- mapAccumR :: Traversable t => (a -> b -> (a, c)) -> a -> t b -> (a, t c)
- mapAccumL :: Traversable t => (a -> b -> (a, c)) -> a -> t b -> (a, t c)
- forM :: (Traversable t, Monad m) => t a -> (a -> m b) -> m (t b)
Documentation
class Foldable (t :: * -> *) where #
Data structures that can be folded.
For example, given a data type
data Tree a = Empty | Leaf a | Node (Tree a) a (Tree a)
a suitable instance would be
instance Foldable Tree where foldMap f Empty = mempty foldMap f (Leaf x) = f x foldMap f (Node l k r) = foldMap f l `mappend` f k `mappend` foldMap f r
This is suitable even for abstract types, as the monoid is assumed
to satisfy the monoid laws. Alternatively, one could define foldr
:
instance Foldable Tree where foldr f z Empty = z foldr f z (Leaf x) = f x z foldr f z (Node l k r) = foldr f (f k (foldr f z r)) l
Foldable
instances are expected to satisfy the following laws:
foldr f z t = appEndo (foldMap (Endo . f) t ) z
foldl f z t = appEndo (getDual (foldMap (Dual . Endo . flip f) t)) z
fold = foldMap id
length = getSum . foldMap (Sum . const 1)
sum
, product
, maximum
, and minimum
should all be essentially
equivalent to foldMap
forms, such as
sum = getSum . foldMap Sum
but may be less defined.
If the type is also a Functor
instance, it should satisfy
foldMap f = fold . fmap f
which implies that
foldMap f . fmap g = foldMap (f . g)
fold :: Monoid m => t m -> m #
Combine the elements of a structure using a monoid.
foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> t a -> m #
Map each element of the structure to a monoid, and combine the results.
foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> t a -> b #
Right-associative fold of a structure.
In the case of lists, foldr
, when applied to a binary operator, a
starting value (typically the right-identity of the operator), and a
list, reduces the list using the binary operator, from right to left:
foldr f z [x1, x2, ..., xn] == x1 `f` (x2 `f` ... (xn `f` z)...)
Note that, since the head of the resulting expression is produced by
an application of the operator to the first element of the list,
foldr
can produce a terminating expression from an infinite list.
For a general Foldable
structure this should be semantically identical
to,
foldr f z =foldr
f z .toList
foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> t a -> b #
Left-associative fold of a structure but with strict application of the operator.
This ensures that each step of the fold is forced to weak head normal
form before being applied, avoiding the collection of thunks that would
otherwise occur. This is often what you want to strictly reduce a finite
list to a single, monolithic result (e.g. length
).
For a general Foldable
structure this should be semantically identical
to,
foldl f z =foldl'
f z .toList
List of elements of a structure, from left to right.
Test whether the structure is empty. The default implementation is optimized for structures that are similar to cons-lists, because there is no general way to do better.
Returns the size/length of a finite structure as an Int
. The
default implementation is optimized for structures that are similar to
cons-lists, because there is no general way to do better.
Instances
Foldable [] | Since: base-2.1 |
Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => [m] -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> [a] -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> [a] -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> [a] -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> [a] -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> [a] -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> [a] -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> [a] -> a # elem :: Eq a => a -> [a] -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => [a] -> a # | |
Foldable Maybe | Since: base-2.1 |
Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => Maybe m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Maybe a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Maybe a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Maybe a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Maybe a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Maybe a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Maybe a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Maybe a -> a # elem :: Eq a => a -> Maybe a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => Maybe a -> a # minimum :: Ord a => Maybe a -> a # | |
Foldable Par1 | |
Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => Par1 m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Par1 a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Par1 a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Par1 a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Par1 a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Par1 a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Par1 a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Par1 a -> a # elem :: Eq a => a -> Par1 a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => Par1 a -> a # | |
Foldable Complex | |
Defined in Data.Complex fold :: Monoid m => Complex m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Complex a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Complex a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Complex a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Complex a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Complex a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Complex a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Complex a -> a # elem :: Eq a => a -> Complex a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => Complex a -> a # minimum :: Ord a => Complex a -> a # | |
Foldable Min | Since: base-4.9.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Semigroup fold :: Monoid m => Min m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Min a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Min a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Min a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Min a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Min a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Min a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Min a -> a # elem :: Eq a => a -> Min a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => Min a -> a # | |
Foldable Max | Since: base-4.9.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Semigroup fold :: Monoid m => Max m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Max a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Max a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Max a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Max a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Max a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Max a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Max a -> a # elem :: Eq a => a -> Max a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => Max a -> a # | |
Foldable First | Since: base-4.9.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Semigroup fold :: Monoid m => First m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> First a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> First a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> First a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> First a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> First a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> First a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> First a -> a # elem :: Eq a => a -> First a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => First a -> a # minimum :: Ord a => First a -> a # | |
Foldable Last | Since: base-4.9.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Semigroup fold :: Monoid m => Last m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Last a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Last a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Last a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Last a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Last a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Last a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Last a -> a # elem :: Eq a => a -> Last a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => Last a -> a # | |
Foldable Option | Since: base-4.9.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Semigroup fold :: Monoid m => Option m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Option a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Option a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Option a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Option a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Option a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Option a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Option a -> a # elem :: Eq a => a -> Option a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => Option a -> a # minimum :: Ord a => Option a -> a # | |
Foldable ZipList | |
Defined in Control.Applicative fold :: Monoid m => ZipList m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> ZipList a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> ZipList a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> ZipList a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> ZipList a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> ZipList a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> ZipList a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> ZipList a -> a # elem :: Eq a => a -> ZipList a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => ZipList a -> a # minimum :: Ord a => ZipList a -> a # | |
Foldable Identity | Since: base-4.8.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Functor.Identity fold :: Monoid m => Identity m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Identity a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Identity a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Identity a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Identity a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Identity a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Identity a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Identity a -> a # elem :: Eq a => a -> Identity a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => Identity a -> a # minimum :: Ord a => Identity a -> a # | |
Foldable First | Since: base-4.8.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => First m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> First a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> First a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> First a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> First a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> First a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> First a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> First a -> a # elem :: Eq a => a -> First a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => First a -> a # minimum :: Ord a => First a -> a # | |
Foldable Last | Since: base-4.8.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => Last m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Last a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Last a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Last a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Last a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Last a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Last a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Last a -> a # elem :: Eq a => a -> Last a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => Last a -> a # | |
Foldable Dual | Since: base-4.8.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => Dual m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Dual a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Dual a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Dual a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Dual a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Dual a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Dual a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Dual a -> a # elem :: Eq a => a -> Dual a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => Dual a -> a # | |
Foldable Sum | Since: base-4.8.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => Sum m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Sum a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Sum a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Sum a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Sum a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Sum a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Sum a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Sum a -> a # elem :: Eq a => a -> Sum a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => Sum a -> a # | |
Foldable Product | Since: base-4.8.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => Product m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Product a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Product a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Product a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Product a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Product a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Product a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Product a -> a # elem :: Eq a => a -> Product a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => Product a -> a # minimum :: Ord a => Product a -> a # | |
Foldable NonEmpty | Since: base-4.9.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => NonEmpty m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> NonEmpty a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> NonEmpty a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> NonEmpty a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> NonEmpty a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> NonEmpty a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> NonEmpty a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> NonEmpty a -> a # elem :: Eq a => a -> NonEmpty a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => NonEmpty a -> a # minimum :: Ord a => NonEmpty a -> a # | |
Foldable IntMap | |
Defined in Data.IntMap.Internal fold :: Monoid m => IntMap m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> IntMap a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> IntMap a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> IntMap a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> IntMap a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> IntMap a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> IntMap a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> IntMap a -> a # elem :: Eq a => a -> IntMap a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => IntMap a -> a # minimum :: Ord a => IntMap a -> a # | |
Foldable Tree | |
Defined in Data.Tree fold :: Monoid m => Tree m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Tree a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Tree a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Tree a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Tree a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Tree a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Tree a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Tree a -> a # elem :: Eq a => a -> Tree a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => Tree a -> a # | |
Foldable Seq | |
Defined in Data.Sequence.Internal fold :: Monoid m => Seq m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Seq a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Seq a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Seq a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Seq a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Seq a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Seq a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Seq a -> a # elem :: Eq a => a -> Seq a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => Seq a -> a # | |
Foldable FingerTree | |
Defined in Data.Sequence.Internal fold :: Monoid m => FingerTree m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> FingerTree a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> FingerTree a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> FingerTree a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> FingerTree a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> FingerTree a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> FingerTree a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> FingerTree a -> a # toList :: FingerTree a -> [a] # null :: FingerTree a -> Bool # length :: FingerTree a -> Int # elem :: Eq a => a -> FingerTree a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => FingerTree a -> a # minimum :: Ord a => FingerTree a -> a # sum :: Num a => FingerTree a -> a # product :: Num a => FingerTree a -> a # | |
Foldable Digit | |
Defined in Data.Sequence.Internal fold :: Monoid m => Digit m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Digit a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Digit a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Digit a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Digit a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Digit a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Digit a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Digit a -> a # elem :: Eq a => a -> Digit a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => Digit a -> a # minimum :: Ord a => Digit a -> a # | |
Foldable Node | |
Defined in Data.Sequence.Internal fold :: Monoid m => Node m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Node a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Node a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Node a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Node a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Node a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Node a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Node a -> a # elem :: Eq a => a -> Node a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => Node a -> a # | |
Foldable Elem | |
Defined in Data.Sequence.Internal fold :: Monoid m => Elem m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Elem a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Elem a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Elem a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Elem a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Elem a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Elem a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Elem a -> a # elem :: Eq a => a -> Elem a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => Elem a -> a # | |
Foldable ViewL | |
Defined in Data.Sequence.Internal fold :: Monoid m => ViewL m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> ViewL a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> ViewL a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> ViewL a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> ViewL a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> ViewL a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> ViewL a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> ViewL a -> a # elem :: Eq a => a -> ViewL a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => ViewL a -> a # minimum :: Ord a => ViewL a -> a # | |
Foldable ViewR | |
Defined in Data.Sequence.Internal fold :: Monoid m => ViewR m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> ViewR a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> ViewR a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> ViewR a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> ViewR a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> ViewR a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> ViewR a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> ViewR a -> a # elem :: Eq a => a -> ViewR a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => ViewR a -> a # minimum :: Ord a => ViewR a -> a # | |
Foldable Set | |
Defined in Data.Set.Internal fold :: Monoid m => Set m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Set a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Set a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Set a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Set a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Set a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Set a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Set a -> a # elem :: Eq a => a -> Set a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => Set a -> a # | |
Foldable Hashed | |
Defined in Data.Hashable.Class fold :: Monoid m => Hashed m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Hashed a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Hashed a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Hashed a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Hashed a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Hashed a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Hashed a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Hashed a -> a # elem :: Eq a => a -> Hashed a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => Hashed a -> a # minimum :: Ord a => Hashed a -> a # | |
Foldable HashSet | |
Defined in Data.HashSet fold :: Monoid m => HashSet m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> HashSet a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> HashSet a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> HashSet a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> HashSet a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> HashSet a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> HashSet a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> HashSet a -> a # elem :: Eq a => a -> HashSet a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => HashSet a -> a # minimum :: Ord a => HashSet a -> a # | |
Foldable (Either a) | Since: base-4.7.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => Either a m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a0 -> m) -> Either a a0 -> m # foldr :: (a0 -> b -> b) -> b -> Either a a0 -> b # foldr' :: (a0 -> b -> b) -> b -> Either a a0 -> b # foldl :: (b -> a0 -> b) -> b -> Either a a0 -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a0 -> b) -> b -> Either a a0 -> b # foldr1 :: (a0 -> a0 -> a0) -> Either a a0 -> a0 # foldl1 :: (a0 -> a0 -> a0) -> Either a a0 -> a0 # toList :: Either a a0 -> [a0] # length :: Either a a0 -> Int # elem :: Eq a0 => a0 -> Either a a0 -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a0 => Either a a0 -> a0 # minimum :: Ord a0 => Either a a0 -> a0 # | |
Foldable (V1 :: * -> *) | |
Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => V1 m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> V1 a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> V1 a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> V1 a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> V1 a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> V1 a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> V1 a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> V1 a -> a # elem :: Eq a => a -> V1 a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => V1 a -> a # | |
Foldable (U1 :: * -> *) | Since: base-4.9.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => U1 m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> U1 a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> U1 a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> U1 a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> U1 a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> U1 a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> U1 a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> U1 a -> a # elem :: Eq a => a -> U1 a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => U1 a -> a # | |
Foldable ((,) a) | Since: base-4.7.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => (a, m) -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a0 -> m) -> (a, a0) -> m # foldr :: (a0 -> b -> b) -> b -> (a, a0) -> b # foldr' :: (a0 -> b -> b) -> b -> (a, a0) -> b # foldl :: (b -> a0 -> b) -> b -> (a, a0) -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a0 -> b) -> b -> (a, a0) -> b # foldr1 :: (a0 -> a0 -> a0) -> (a, a0) -> a0 # foldl1 :: (a0 -> a0 -> a0) -> (a, a0) -> a0 # elem :: Eq a0 => a0 -> (a, a0) -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a0 => (a, a0) -> a0 # minimum :: Ord a0 => (a, a0) -> a0 # | |
Foldable (Array i) | Since: base-4.8.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => Array i m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Array i a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Array i a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Array i a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Array i a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Array i a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Array i a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Array i a -> a # elem :: Eq a => a -> Array i a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => Array i a -> a # minimum :: Ord a => Array i a -> a # | |
Foldable (Arg a) | Since: base-4.9.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Semigroup fold :: Monoid m => Arg a m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a0 -> m) -> Arg a a0 -> m # foldr :: (a0 -> b -> b) -> b -> Arg a a0 -> b # foldr' :: (a0 -> b -> b) -> b -> Arg a a0 -> b # foldl :: (b -> a0 -> b) -> b -> Arg a a0 -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a0 -> b) -> b -> Arg a a0 -> b # foldr1 :: (a0 -> a0 -> a0) -> Arg a a0 -> a0 # foldl1 :: (a0 -> a0 -> a0) -> Arg a a0 -> a0 # elem :: Eq a0 => a0 -> Arg a a0 -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a0 => Arg a a0 -> a0 # minimum :: Ord a0 => Arg a a0 -> a0 # | |
Foldable (Proxy :: * -> *) | Since: base-4.7.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => Proxy m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Proxy a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Proxy a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Proxy a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Proxy a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Proxy a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Proxy a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Proxy a -> a # elem :: Eq a => a -> Proxy a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => Proxy a -> a # minimum :: Ord a => Proxy a -> a # | |
Foldable (Map k) | |
Defined in Data.Map.Internal fold :: Monoid m => Map k m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Map k a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Map k a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Map k a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Map k a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Map k a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Map k a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Map k a -> a # elem :: Eq a => a -> Map k a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => Map k a -> a # minimum :: Ord a => Map k a -> a # | |
Foldable f => Foldable (MaybeT f) | |
Defined in Control.Monad.Trans.Maybe fold :: Monoid m => MaybeT f m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> MaybeT f a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> MaybeT f a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> MaybeT f a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> MaybeT f a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> MaybeT f a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> MaybeT f a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> MaybeT f a -> a # elem :: Eq a => a -> MaybeT f a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => MaybeT f a -> a # minimum :: Ord a => MaybeT f a -> a # | |
Foldable (HashMap k) | |
Defined in Data.HashMap.Base fold :: Monoid m => HashMap k m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> HashMap k a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> HashMap k a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> HashMap k a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> HashMap k a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> HashMap k a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> HashMap k a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> HashMap k a -> a # toList :: HashMap k a -> [a] # length :: HashMap k a -> Int # elem :: Eq a => a -> HashMap k a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => HashMap k a -> a # minimum :: Ord a => HashMap k a -> a # | |
Foldable f => Foldable (Rec1 f) | |
Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => Rec1 f m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Rec1 f a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Rec1 f a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Rec1 f a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Rec1 f a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Rec1 f a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Rec1 f a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Rec1 f a -> a # elem :: Eq a => a -> Rec1 f a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => Rec1 f a -> a # minimum :: Ord a => Rec1 f a -> a # | |
Foldable (URec Char :: * -> *) | |
Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => URec Char m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> URec Char a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> URec Char a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> URec Char a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> URec Char a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> URec Char a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> URec Char a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> URec Char a -> a # toList :: URec Char a -> [a] # length :: URec Char a -> Int # elem :: Eq a => a -> URec Char a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => URec Char a -> a # minimum :: Ord a => URec Char a -> a # | |
Foldable (URec Double :: * -> *) | |
Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => URec Double m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> URec Double a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> URec Double a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> URec Double a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> URec Double a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> URec Double a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> URec Double a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> URec Double a -> a # toList :: URec Double a -> [a] # null :: URec Double a -> Bool # length :: URec Double a -> Int # elem :: Eq a => a -> URec Double a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => URec Double a -> a # minimum :: Ord a => URec Double a -> a # | |
Foldable (URec Float :: * -> *) | |
Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => URec Float m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> URec Float a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> URec Float a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> URec Float a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> URec Float a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> URec Float a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> URec Float a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> URec Float a -> a # toList :: URec Float a -> [a] # null :: URec Float a -> Bool # length :: URec Float a -> Int # elem :: Eq a => a -> URec Float a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => URec Float a -> a # minimum :: Ord a => URec Float a -> a # | |
Foldable (URec Int :: * -> *) | |
Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => URec Int m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> URec Int a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> URec Int a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> URec Int a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> URec Int a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> URec Int a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> URec Int a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> URec Int a -> a # elem :: Eq a => a -> URec Int a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => URec Int a -> a # minimum :: Ord a => URec Int a -> a # | |
Foldable (URec Word :: * -> *) | |
Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => URec Word m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> URec Word a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> URec Word a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> URec Word a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> URec Word a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> URec Word a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> URec Word a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> URec Word a -> a # toList :: URec Word a -> [a] # length :: URec Word a -> Int # elem :: Eq a => a -> URec Word a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => URec Word a -> a # minimum :: Ord a => URec Word a -> a # | |
Foldable (URec (Ptr ()) :: * -> *) | |
Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => URec (Ptr ()) m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> URec (Ptr ()) a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> URec (Ptr ()) a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> URec (Ptr ()) a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> URec (Ptr ()) a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> URec (Ptr ()) a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> URec (Ptr ()) a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> URec (Ptr ()) a -> a # toList :: URec (Ptr ()) a -> [a] # null :: URec (Ptr ()) a -> Bool # length :: URec (Ptr ()) a -> Int # elem :: Eq a => a -> URec (Ptr ()) a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => URec (Ptr ()) a -> a # minimum :: Ord a => URec (Ptr ()) a -> a # | |
Foldable (Const m :: * -> *) | Since: base-4.7.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Functor.Const fold :: Monoid m0 => Const m m0 -> m0 # foldMap :: Monoid m0 => (a -> m0) -> Const m a -> m0 # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Const m a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Const m a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Const m a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Const m a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Const m a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Const m a -> a # elem :: Eq a => a -> Const m a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => Const m a -> a # minimum :: Ord a => Const m a -> a # | |
Foldable f => Foldable (IdentityT f) | |
Defined in Control.Monad.Trans.Identity fold :: Monoid m => IdentityT f m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> IdentityT f a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> IdentityT f a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> IdentityT f a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> IdentityT f a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> IdentityT f a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> IdentityT f a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> IdentityT f a -> a # toList :: IdentityT f a -> [a] # null :: IdentityT f a -> Bool # length :: IdentityT f a -> Int # elem :: Eq a => a -> IdentityT f a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => IdentityT f a -> a # minimum :: Ord a => IdentityT f a -> a # | |
Foldable f => Foldable (ErrorT e f) | |
Defined in Control.Monad.Trans.Error fold :: Monoid m => ErrorT e f m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> ErrorT e f a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> ErrorT e f a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> ErrorT e f a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> ErrorT e f a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> ErrorT e f a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> ErrorT e f a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> ErrorT e f a -> a # toList :: ErrorT e f a -> [a] # null :: ErrorT e f a -> Bool # length :: ErrorT e f a -> Int # elem :: Eq a => a -> ErrorT e f a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => ErrorT e f a -> a # minimum :: Ord a => ErrorT e f a -> a # | |
Foldable f => Foldable (ExceptT e f) | |
Defined in Control.Monad.Trans.Except fold :: Monoid m => ExceptT e f m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> ExceptT e f a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> ExceptT e f a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> ExceptT e f a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> ExceptT e f a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> ExceptT e f a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> ExceptT e f a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> ExceptT e f a -> a # toList :: ExceptT e f a -> [a] # null :: ExceptT e f a -> Bool # length :: ExceptT e f a -> Int # elem :: Eq a => a -> ExceptT e f a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => ExceptT e f a -> a # minimum :: Ord a => ExceptT e f a -> a # | |
Foldable (K1 i c :: * -> *) | |
Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => K1 i c m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> K1 i c a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> K1 i c a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> K1 i c a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> K1 i c a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> K1 i c a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> K1 i c a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> K1 i c a -> a # elem :: Eq a => a -> K1 i c a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => K1 i c a -> a # minimum :: Ord a => K1 i c a -> a # | |
(Foldable f, Foldable g) => Foldable (f :+: g) | |
Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => (f :+: g) m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> (f :+: g) a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> (f :+: g) a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> (f :+: g) a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> (f :+: g) a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> (f :+: g) a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> (f :+: g) a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> (f :+: g) a -> a # toList :: (f :+: g) a -> [a] # length :: (f :+: g) a -> Int # elem :: Eq a => a -> (f :+: g) a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => (f :+: g) a -> a # minimum :: Ord a => (f :+: g) a -> a # | |
(Foldable f, Foldable g) => Foldable (f :*: g) | |
Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => (f :*: g) m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> (f :*: g) a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> (f :*: g) a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> (f :*: g) a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> (f :*: g) a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> (f :*: g) a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> (f :*: g) a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> (f :*: g) a -> a # toList :: (f :*: g) a -> [a] # length :: (f :*: g) a -> Int # elem :: Eq a => a -> (f :*: g) a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => (f :*: g) a -> a # minimum :: Ord a => (f :*: g) a -> a # | |
(Foldable f, Foldable g) => Foldable (Product f g) | Since: base-4.9.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Functor.Product fold :: Monoid m => Product f g m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Product f g a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Product f g a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Product f g a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Product f g a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Product f g a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Product f g a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Product f g a -> a # toList :: Product f g a -> [a] # null :: Product f g a -> Bool # length :: Product f g a -> Int # elem :: Eq a => a -> Product f g a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => Product f g a -> a # minimum :: Ord a => Product f g a -> a # | |
(Foldable f, Foldable g) => Foldable (Sum f g) | Since: base-4.9.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Functor.Sum fold :: Monoid m => Sum f g m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Sum f g a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Sum f g a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Sum f g a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Sum f g a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Sum f g a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Sum f g a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Sum f g a -> a # elem :: Eq a => a -> Sum f g a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => Sum f g a -> a # minimum :: Ord a => Sum f g a -> a # | |
Foldable f => Foldable (M1 i c f) | |
Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => M1 i c f m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> M1 i c f a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> M1 i c f a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> M1 i c f a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> M1 i c f a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> M1 i c f a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> M1 i c f a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> M1 i c f a -> a # elem :: Eq a => a -> M1 i c f a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => M1 i c f a -> a # minimum :: Ord a => M1 i c f a -> a # | |
(Foldable f, Foldable g) => Foldable (f :.: g) | |
Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => (f :.: g) m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> (f :.: g) a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> (f :.: g) a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> (f :.: g) a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> (f :.: g) a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> (f :.: g) a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> (f :.: g) a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> (f :.: g) a -> a # toList :: (f :.: g) a -> [a] # length :: (f :.: g) a -> Int # elem :: Eq a => a -> (f :.: g) a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => (f :.: g) a -> a # minimum :: Ord a => (f :.: g) a -> a # | |
(Foldable f, Foldable g) => Foldable (Compose f g) | Since: base-4.9.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Functor.Compose fold :: Monoid m => Compose f g m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Compose f g a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Compose f g a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Compose f g a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Compose f g a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Compose f g a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Compose f g a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Compose f g a -> a # toList :: Compose f g a -> [a] # null :: Compose f g a -> Bool # length :: Compose f g a -> Int # elem :: Eq a => a -> Compose f g a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => Compose f g a -> a # minimum :: Ord a => Compose f g a -> a # |
all :: Foldable t => (a -> Bool) -> t a -> Bool #
Determines whether all elements of the structure satisfy the predicate.
any :: Foldable t => (a -> Bool) -> t a -> Bool #
Determines whether any element of the structure satisfies the predicate.
concatMap :: Foldable t => (a -> [b]) -> t a -> [b] #
Map a function over all the elements of a container and concatenate the resulting lists.
concat :: Foldable t => t [a] -> [a] #
The concatenation of all the elements of a container of lists.
asum :: (Foldable t, Alternative f) => t (f a) -> f a #
sequence_ :: (Foldable t, Monad m) => t (m a) -> m () #
Evaluate each monadic action in the structure from left to right,
and ignore the results. For a version that doesn't ignore the
results see sequence
.
As of base 4.8.0.0, sequence_
is just sequenceA_
, specialized
to Monad
.
sequenceA_ :: (Foldable t, Applicative f) => t (f a) -> f () #
Evaluate each action in the structure from left to right, and
ignore the results. For a version that doesn't ignore the results
see sequenceA
.
for_ :: (Foldable t, Applicative f) => t a -> (a -> f b) -> f () #
traverse_ :: (Foldable t, Applicative f) => (a -> f b) -> t a -> f () #
Map each element of a structure to an action, evaluate these
actions from left to right, and ignore the results. For a version
that doesn't ignore the results see traverse
.
foldlM :: (Foldable t, Monad m) => (b -> a -> m b) -> b -> t a -> m b #
Monadic fold over the elements of a structure, associating to the left, i.e. from left to right.
class (Functor t, Foldable t) => Traversable (t :: * -> *) where #
Functors representing data structures that can be traversed from left to right.
A definition of traverse
must satisfy the following laws:
- naturality
t .
for every applicative transformationtraverse
f =traverse
(t . f)t
- identity
traverse
Identity = Identity- composition
traverse
(Compose .fmap
g . f) = Compose .fmap
(traverse
g) .traverse
f
A definition of sequenceA
must satisfy the following laws:
- naturality
t .
for every applicative transformationsequenceA
=sequenceA
.fmap
tt
- identity
sequenceA
.fmap
Identity = Identity- composition
sequenceA
.fmap
Compose = Compose .fmap
sequenceA
.sequenceA
where an applicative transformation is a function
t :: (Applicative f, Applicative g) => f a -> g a
preserving the Applicative
operations, i.e.
and the identity functor Identity
and composition of functors Compose
are defined as
newtype Identity a = Identity a instance Functor Identity where fmap f (Identity x) = Identity (f x) instance Applicative Identity where pure x = Identity x Identity f <*> Identity x = Identity (f x) newtype Compose f g a = Compose (f (g a)) instance (Functor f, Functor g) => Functor (Compose f g) where fmap f (Compose x) = Compose (fmap (fmap f) x) instance (Applicative f, Applicative g) => Applicative (Compose f g) where pure x = Compose (pure (pure x)) Compose f <*> Compose x = Compose ((<*>) <$> f <*> x)
(The naturality law is implied by parametricity.)
Instances are similar to Functor
, e.g. given a data type
data Tree a = Empty | Leaf a | Node (Tree a) a (Tree a)
a suitable instance would be
instance Traversable Tree where traverse f Empty = pure Empty traverse f (Leaf x) = Leaf <$> f x traverse f (Node l k r) = Node <$> traverse f l <*> f k <*> traverse f r
This is suitable even for abstract types, as the laws for <*>
imply a form of associativity.
The superclass instances should satisfy the following:
- In the
Functor
instance,fmap
should be equivalent to traversal with the identity applicative functor (fmapDefault
). - In the
Foldable
instance,foldMap
should be equivalent to traversal with a constant applicative functor (foldMapDefault
).
traverse :: Applicative f => (a -> f b) -> t a -> f (t b) #
Map each element of a structure to an action, evaluate these actions
from left to right, and collect the results. For a version that ignores
the results see traverse_
.
sequenceA :: Applicative f => t (f a) -> f (t a) #
Evaluate each action in the structure from left to right, and
and collect the results. For a version that ignores the results
see sequenceA_
.
mapM :: Monad m => (a -> m b) -> t a -> m (t b) #
Map each element of a structure to a monadic action, evaluate
these actions from left to right, and collect the results. For
a version that ignores the results see mapM_
.
sequence :: Monad m => t (m a) -> m (t a) #
Evaluate each monadic action in the structure from left to
right, and collect the results. For a version that ignores the
results see sequence_
.
Instances
mapAccumR :: Traversable t => (a -> b -> (a, c)) -> a -> t b -> (a, t c) #
mapAccumL :: Traversable t => (a -> b -> (a, c)) -> a -> t b -> (a, t c) #