```{-# LANGUAGE Safe #-}

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- |
-- Module      :  Data.Ratio
-- Copyright   :  (c) The University of Glasgow 2001
--
-- Stability   :  stable
-- Portability :  portable
--
-- Standard functions on rational numbers
--
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

module Data.Ratio
( Ratio
, Rational
, (%)
, numerator
, denominator
, approxRational

) where

import GHC.Real         -- The basic defns for Ratio

-- -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- approxRational

-- | 'approxRational', applied to two real fractional numbers @x@ and @epsilon@,
-- returns the simplest rational number within @epsilon@ of @x@.
-- A rational number @y@ is said to be /simpler/ than another @y'@ if
--
-- * @'abs' ('numerator' y) <= 'abs' ('numerator' y')@, and
--
-- * @'denominator' y <= 'denominator' y'@.
--
-- Any real interval contains a unique simplest rational;
-- in particular, note that @0\/1@ is the simplest rational of all.

-- Implementation details: Here, for simplicity, we assume a closed rational
-- interval.  If such an interval includes at least one whole number, then
-- the simplest rational is the absolutely least whole number.  Otherwise,
-- the bounds are of the form q%1 + r%d and q%1 + r'%d', where abs r < d
-- and abs r' < d', and the simplest rational is q%1 + the reciprocal of
-- the simplest rational between d'%r' and d%r.

approxRational          :: (RealFrac a) => a -> a -> Rational
approxRational rat eps  =  simplest (rat-eps) (rat+eps)
where simplest x y | y < x      =  simplest y x
| x == y     =  xr
| x > 0      =  simplest' n d n' d'
| y < 0      =  - simplest' (-n') d' (-n) d
| otherwise  =  0 :% 1
where xr  = toRational x
n   = numerator xr
d   = denominator xr
nd' = toRational y
n'  = numerator nd'
d'  = denominator nd'

simplest' n d n' d'       -- assumes 0 < n%d < n'%d'
| r == 0     =  q :% 1
| q /= q'    =  (q+1) :% 1
| otherwise  =  (q*n''+d'') :% n''
where (q,r)      =  quotRem n d
(q',r')    =  quotRem n' d'
nd''       =  simplest' d' r' d r
n''        =  numerator nd''
d''        =  denominator nd''

```