Yampa-0.12: Library for programming hybrid systems.

FRP.Yampa.EventS

Description

Event Signal Functions and SF combinators.

Events represent values that only exist instantaneously, at discrete points in time. Examples include mouse clicks, zero-crosses of monotonic continuous signals, and square waves.

For signals that carry events, there should be a limit in the number of events we can observe in a time period, no matter how much we increase the sampling frequency.

Synopsis

# Basic event sources

never :: SF a (Event b) Source #

Event source that never occurs.

now :: b -> SF a (Event b) Source #

Event source with a single occurrence at time 0. The value of the event is given by the function argument.

Arguments

 :: Time The time q after which the event should be produced -> b Value to produce at that time -> SF a (Event b)

Event source with a single occurrence at or as soon after (local) time q as possible.

repeatedly :: Time -> b -> SF a (Event b) Source #

Event source with repeated occurrences with interval q. Note: If the interval is too short w.r.t. the sampling intervals, the result will be that events occur at every sample. However, no more than one event results from any sampling interval, thus avoiding an "event backlog" should sampling become more frequent at some later point in time.

afterEach :: [(Time, b)] -> SF a (Event b) Source #

Event source with consecutive occurrences at the given intervals. Should more than one event be scheduled to occur in any sampling interval, only the first will in fact occur to avoid an event backlog.

afterEachCat :: [(Time, b)] -> SF a (Event [b]) Source #

Event source with consecutive occurrences at the given intervals. Should more than one event be scheduled to occur in any sampling interval, the output list will contain all events produced during that interval.

delayEvent :: Time -> SF (Event a) (Event a) Source #

Delay for events. (Consider it a triggered after, hence basic.)

delayEventCat :: Time -> SF (Event a) (Event [a]) Source #

Delay an event by a given delta and catenate events that occur so closely so as to be inseparable.

edge :: SF Bool (Event ()) Source #

A rising edge detector. Useful for things like detecting key presses. It is initialised as up, meaning that events occuring at time 0 will not be detected.

iEdge :: Bool -> SF Bool (Event ()) Source #

A rising edge detector that can be initialized as up (True, meaning that events occurring at time 0 will not be detected) or down (False, meaning that events ocurring at time 0 will be detected).

edgeTag :: a -> SF Bool (Event a) Source #

Like edge, but parameterized on the tag value.

edgeJust :: SF (Maybe a) (Event a) Source #

Edge detector particularized for detecting transtitions on a Maybe signal from Nothing to Just.

edgeBy :: (a -> a -> Maybe b) -> a -> SF a (Event b) Source #

Edge detector parameterized on the edge detection function and initial state, i.e., the previous input sample. The first argument to the edge detection function is the previous sample, the second the current one.

# Stateful event suppression

notYet :: SF (Event a) (Event a) Source #

Suppression of initial (at local time 0) event.

once :: SF (Event a) (Event a) Source #

Suppress all but the first event.

takeEvents :: Int -> SF (Event a) (Event a) Source #

Suppress all but the first n events.

dropEvents :: Int -> SF (Event a) (Event a) Source #

Suppress first n events.

# Hybrid SF combinators

snap :: SF a (Event a) Source #

Event source with a single occurrence at time 0. The value of the event is obtained by sampling the input at that time.

snapAfter :: Time -> SF a (Event a) Source #

Event source with a single occurrence at or as soon after (local) time t_ev as possible. The value of the event is obtained by sampling the input a that time.

sample :: Time -> SF a (Event a) Source #

Sample a signal at regular intervals.

# Repetition and switching

recur :: SF a (Event b) -> SF a (Event b) Source #

Makes an event source recurring by restarting it as soon as it has an occurrence.

andThen :: SF a (Event b) -> SF a (Event b) -> SF a (Event b) infixr 5 Source #

Apply the first SF until it produces an event, and, afterwards, switch to the second SF. This is just a convenience function, used to write what sometimes is more understandable switch-based code.