{-# LANGUAGE ScopedTypeVariables #-}
{-# LANGUAGE ApplicativeDo #-}
{-# OPTIONS_GHC -Wall #-}
-- | Like a 'UniqDFM', but maintains equivalence classes of keys sharing the
-- same entry. See 'UniqSDFM'.
module GHC.Types.Unique.SDFM (
-- * Unique-keyed, /shared/, deterministic mappings
UniqSDFM,
emptyUSDFM,
lookupUSDFM,
equateUSDFM, addToUSDFM,
traverseUSDFM
) where
import GHC.Prelude
import GHC.Types.Unique
import GHC.Types.Unique.DFM
import GHC.Utils.Outputable
-- | Either @Indirect x@, meaning the value is represented by that of @x@, or
-- an @Entry@ containing containing the actual value it represents.
data Shared key ele
= Indirect !key
| Entry !ele
-- | A 'UniqDFM' whose domain is /sets/ of 'Unique's, each of which share a
-- common value of type @ele@.
-- Every such set (\"equivalence class\") has a distinct representative
-- 'Unique'. Supports merging the entries of multiple such sets in a union-find
-- like fashion.
--
-- An accurate model is that of @[(Set key, Maybe ele)]@: A finite mapping from
-- sets of @key@s to possibly absent entries @ele@, where the sets don't overlap.
-- Example:
-- @
-- m = [({u1,u3}, Just ele1), ({u2}, Just ele2), ({u4,u7}, Nothing)]
-- @
-- On this model we support the following main operations:
--
-- * @'lookupUSDFM' m u3 == Just ele1@, @'lookupUSDFM' m u4 == Nothing@,
-- @'lookupUSDFM' m u5 == Nothing@.
-- * @'equateUSDFM' m u1 u3@ is a no-op, but
-- @'equateUSDFM' m u1 u2@ merges @{u1,u3}@ and @{u2}@ to point to
-- @Just ele2@ and returns the old entry of @{u1,u3}@, @Just ele1@.
-- * @'addToUSDFM' m u3 ele4@ sets the entry of @{u1,u3}@ to @Just ele4@.
--
-- As well as a few means for traversal/conversion to list.
newtype UniqSDFM key ele
= USDFM { unUSDFM :: UniqDFM key (Shared key ele) }
emptyUSDFM :: UniqSDFM key ele
emptyUSDFM = USDFM emptyUDFM
lookupReprAndEntryUSDFM :: Uniquable key => UniqSDFM key ele -> key -> (key, Maybe ele)
lookupReprAndEntryUSDFM (USDFM env) = go
where
go x = case lookupUDFM env x of
Nothing -> (x, Nothing)
Just (Indirect y) -> go y
Just (Entry ele) -> (x, Just ele)
-- | @lookupSUDFM env x@ looks up an entry for @x@, looking through all
-- 'Indirect's until it finds a shared 'Entry'.
--
-- Examples in terms of the model (see 'UniqSDFM'):
-- >>> lookupUSDFM [({u1,u3}, Just ele1), ({u2}, Just ele2)] u3 == Just ele1
-- >>> lookupUSDFM [({u1,u3}, Just ele1), ({u2}, Just ele2)] u4 == Nothing
-- >>> lookupUSDFM [({u1,u3}, Just ele1), ({u2}, Nothing)] u2 == Nothing
lookupUSDFM :: Uniquable key => UniqSDFM key ele -> key -> Maybe ele
lookupUSDFM usdfm x = snd (lookupReprAndEntryUSDFM usdfm x)
-- | @equateUSDFM env x y@ makes @x@ and @y@ point to the same entry,
-- thereby merging @x@'s class with @y@'s.
-- If both @x@ and @y@ are in the domain of the map, then @y@'s entry will be
-- chosen as the new entry and @x@'s old entry will be returned.
--
-- Examples in terms of the model (see 'UniqSDFM'):
-- >>> equateUSDFM [] u1 u2 == (Nothing, [({u1,u2}, Nothing)])
-- >>> equateUSDFM [({u1,u3}, Just ele1)] u3 u4 == (Nothing, [({u1,u3,u4}, Just ele1)])
-- >>> equateUSDFM [({u1,u3}, Just ele1)] u4 u3 == (Nothing, [({u1,u3,u4}, Just ele1)])
-- >>> equateUSDFM [({u1,u3}, Just ele1), ({u2}, Just ele2)] u3 u2 == (Just ele1, [({u2,u1,u3}, Just ele2)])
equateUSDFM
:: Uniquable key => UniqSDFM key ele -> key -> key -> (Maybe ele, UniqSDFM key ele)
equateUSDFM usdfm@(USDFM env) x y =
case (lu x, lu y) of
((x', _) , (y', _))
| getUnique x' == getUnique y' -> (Nothing, usdfm) -- nothing to do
((x', _) , (y', Nothing)) -> (Nothing, set_indirect y' x')
((x', mb_ex), (y', _)) -> (mb_ex, set_indirect x' y')
where
lu = lookupReprAndEntryUSDFM usdfm
set_indirect a b = USDFM $ addToUDFM env a (Indirect b)
-- | @addToUSDFM env x a@ sets the entry @x@ is associated with to @a@,
-- thereby modifying its whole equivalence class.
--
-- Examples in terms of the model (see 'UniqSDFM'):
-- >>> addToUSDFM [] u1 ele1 == [({u1}, Just ele1)]
-- >>> addToUSDFM [({u1,u3}, Just ele1)] u3 ele2 == [({u1,u3}, Just ele2)]
addToUSDFM :: Uniquable key => UniqSDFM key ele -> key -> ele -> UniqSDFM key ele
addToUSDFM usdfm@(USDFM env) x v =
USDFM $ addToUDFM env (fst (lookupReprAndEntryUSDFM usdfm x)) (Entry v)
traverseUSDFM :: forall key a b f. Applicative f => (a -> f b) -> UniqSDFM key a -> f (UniqSDFM key b)
traverseUSDFM f = fmap (USDFM . listToUDFM_Directly) . traverse g . udfmToList . unUSDFM
where
g :: (Unique, Shared key a) -> f (Unique, Shared key b)
g (u, Indirect y) = pure (u,Indirect y)
g (u, Entry a) = do
a' <- f a
pure (u,Entry a')
instance (Outputable key, Outputable ele) => Outputable (Shared key ele) where
ppr (Indirect x) = ppr x
ppr (Entry a) = ppr a
instance (Outputable key, Outputable ele) => Outputable (UniqSDFM key ele) where
ppr (USDFM env) = ppr env