{-# LANGUAGE CPP #-}
{-# LANGUAGE RecordWildCards #-}
{-# LANGUAGE ExistentialQuantification #-}
{-# OPTIONS_GHC -Wno-incomplete-record-updates #-}
module GHC.Tc.Errors.Hole
( findValidHoleFits
, tcCheckHoleFit
, withoutUnification
, tcSubsumes
, isFlexiTyVar
, tcFilterHoleFits
, getLocalBindings
, pprHoleFit
, addHoleFitDocs
, getHoleFitSortingAlg
, getHoleFitDispConfig
, HoleFitDispConfig (..)
, HoleFitSortingAlg (..)
, relevantCts
, zonkSubs
, sortHoleFitsByGraph
, sortHoleFitsBySize
-- Re-exported from GHC.Tc.Errors.Hole.FitTypes
, HoleFitPlugin (..), HoleFitPluginR (..)
)
where
import GHC.Prelude
import GHC.Tc.Types
import GHC.Tc.Utils.Monad
import GHC.Tc.Types.Constraint
import GHC.Tc.Types.Origin
import GHC.Tc.Utils.TcMType
import GHC.Tc.Types.Evidence
import GHC.Tc.Utils.TcType
import GHC.Core.Type
import GHC.Core.DataCon
import GHC.Types.Name
import GHC.Types.Name.Reader ( pprNameProvenance , GlobalRdrElt (..)
, globalRdrEnvElts, greMangledName, grePrintableName )
import GHC.Builtin.Names ( gHC_ERR )
import GHC.Types.Id
import GHC.Types.Var.Set
import GHC.Types.Var.Env
import GHC.Types.TyThing
import GHC.Data.Bag
import GHC.Core.ConLike ( ConLike(..) )
import GHC.Utils.Misc
import GHC.Utils.Panic
import GHC.Tc.Utils.Env (tcLookup)
import GHC.Utils.Outputable
import GHC.Driver.Session
import GHC.Data.Maybe
import GHC.Utils.FV ( fvVarList, fvVarSet, unionFV, mkFVs, FV )
import Control.Arrow ( (&&&) )
import Control.Monad ( filterM, replicateM, foldM )
import Data.List ( partition, sort, sortOn, nubBy )
import Data.Graph ( graphFromEdges, topSort )
import GHC.Tc.Solver ( simplifyTopWanteds, runTcSDeriveds )
import GHC.Tc.Utils.Unify ( tcSubTypeSigma )
import GHC.HsToCore.Docs ( extractDocs )
import qualified Data.Map as Map
import GHC.Hs.Doc ( unpackHDS, DeclDocMap(..) )
import GHC.Unit.Module.ModIface ( ModIface_(..) )
import GHC.Iface.Load ( loadInterfaceForNameMaybe )
import GHC.Builtin.Utils (knownKeyNames)
import GHC.Tc.Errors.Hole.FitTypes
{-
Note [Valid hole fits include ...]
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
`findValidHoleFits` returns the "Valid hole fits include ..." message.
For example, look at the following definitions in a file called test.hs:
import Data.List (inits)
f :: [String]
f = _ "hello, world"
The hole in `f` would generate the message:
• Found hole: _ :: [Char] -> [String]
• In the expression: _
In the expression: _ "hello, world"
In an equation for ‘f’: f = _ "hello, world"
• Relevant bindings include f :: [String] (bound at test.hs:6:1)
Valid hole fits include
lines :: String -> [String]
(imported from ‘Prelude’ at mpt.hs:3:8-9
(and originally defined in ‘base-4.11.0.0:Data.OldList’))
words :: String -> [String]
(imported from ‘Prelude’ at mpt.hs:3:8-9
(and originally defined in ‘base-4.11.0.0:Data.OldList’))
inits :: forall a. [a] -> [[a]]
with inits @Char
(imported from ‘Data.List’ at mpt.hs:4:19-23
(and originally defined in ‘base-4.11.0.0:Data.OldList’))
repeat :: forall a. a -> [a]
with repeat @String
(imported from ‘Prelude’ at mpt.hs:3:8-9
(and originally defined in ‘GHC.List’))
fail :: forall (m :: * -> *). Monad m => forall a. String -> m a
with fail @[] @String
(imported from ‘Prelude’ at mpt.hs:3:8-9
(and originally defined in ‘GHC.Base’))
return :: forall (m :: * -> *). Monad m => forall a. a -> m a
with return @[] @String
(imported from ‘Prelude’ at mpt.hs:3:8-9
(and originally defined in ‘GHC.Base’))
pure :: forall (f :: * -> *). Applicative f => forall a. a -> f a
with pure @[] @String
(imported from ‘Prelude’ at mpt.hs:3:8-9
(and originally defined in ‘GHC.Base’))
read :: forall a. Read a => String -> a
with read @[String]
(imported from ‘Prelude’ at mpt.hs:3:8-9
(and originally defined in ‘Text.Read’))
mempty :: forall a. Monoid a => a
with mempty @([Char] -> [String])
(imported from ‘Prelude’ at mpt.hs:3:8-9
(and originally defined in ‘GHC.Base’))
Valid hole fits are found by checking top level identifiers and local bindings
in scope for whether their type can be instantiated to the type of the hole.
Additionally, we also need to check whether all relevant constraints are solved
by choosing an identifier of that type as well, see Note [Relevant constraints]
Since checking for subsumption results in the side-effect of type variables
being unified by the simplifier, we need to take care to restore them after
to being flexible type variables after we've checked for subsumption.
This is to avoid affecting the hole and later checks by prematurely having
unified one of the free unification variables.
When outputting, we sort the hole fits by the size of the types we'd need to
apply by type application to the type of the fit to make it fit. This is done
in order to display "more relevant" suggestions first. Another option is to
sort by building a subsumption graph of fits, i.e. a graph of which fits subsume
what other fits, and then outputting those fits which are subsumed by other
fits (i.e. those more specific than other fits) first. This results in the ones
"closest" to the type of the hole to be displayed first.
To help users understand how the suggested fit works, we also display the values
that the quantified type variables would take if that fit is used, like
`mempty @([Char] -> [String])` and `pure @[] @String` in the example above.
If -XTypeApplications is enabled, this can even be copied verbatim as a
replacement for the hole.
Note [Checking hole fits]
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
If we have a hole of type hole_ty, we want to know whether a variable
of type ty is a valid fit for the whole. This is a subsumption check:
we wish to know whether ty <: hole_ty. But, of course, the check
must take into account any givens and relevant constraints.
(See also Note [Relevant constraints]).
For the simplifier to be able to use any givens present in the enclosing
implications to solve relevant constraints, we nest the wanted subsumption
constraints and relevant constraints within the enclosing implications.
As an example, let's look at the following code:
f :: Show a => a -> String
f x = show _
Suppose the hole is assigned type a0_a1pd[tau:2].
Here the nested implications are just one level deep, namely:
[Implic {
TcLevel = 2
Skolems = a_a1pa[sk:2]
No-eqs = True
Status = Unsolved
Given = $dShow_a1pc :: Show a_a1pa[sk:2]
Wanted =
WC {wc_simple =
[WD] $dShow_a1pe {0}:: Show a0_a1pd[tau:2] (CDictCan(psc))}
Binds = EvBindsVar
Needed inner = []
Needed outer = []
the type signature for:
f :: forall a. Show a => a -> String }]
As we can see, the givens say that the skolem
`a_a1pa[sk:2]` fulfills the Show constraint, and that we must prove
the [W] Show a0_a1pd[tau:2] constraint -- that is, whatever fills the
hole must have a Show instance.
When we now check whether `x :: a_a1pa[sk:2]` fits the hole in
`tcCheckHoleFit`, the call to `tcSubType` will end up unifying the meta type
variable `a0_a1pd[tau:2] := a_a1pa[sk:2]`. By wrapping the wanted constraints
needed by tcSubType_NC and the relevant constraints (see Note [Relevant
Constraints] for more details) in the nested implications, we can pass the
information in the givens along to the simplifier. For our example, we end up
needing to check whether the following constraints are soluble.
WC {wc_impl =
Implic {
TcLevel = 2
Skolems = a_a1pa[sk:2]
No-eqs = True
Status = Unsolved
Given = $dShow_a1pc :: Show a_a1pa[sk:2]
Wanted =
WC {wc_simple =
[WD] $dShow_a1pe {0}:: Show a0_a1pd[tau:2] (CNonCanonical)}
Binds = EvBindsVar
Needed inner = []
Needed outer = []
the type signature for:
f :: forall a. Show a => a -> String }}
But since `a0_a1pd[tau:2] := a_a1pa[sk:2]` and we have from the nested
implications that Show a_a1pa[sk:2] is a given, this is trivial, and we end up
with a final WC of WC {}, confirming x :: a0_a1pd[tau:2] as a match.
To avoid side-effects on the nested implications, we create a new EvBindsVar so
that any changes to the ev binds during a check remains localised to that check.
In addition, we call withoutUnification to reset any unified metavariables; this
call is actually done outside tcCheckHoleFit so that the results can be formatted
for the user before resetting variables.
Note [Valid refinement hole fits include ...]
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
When the `-frefinement-level-hole-fits=N` flag is given, we additionally look
for "valid refinement hole fits"", i.e. valid hole fits with up to N
additional holes in them.
With `-frefinement-level-hole-fits=0` (the default), GHC will find all
identifiers 'f' (top-level or nested) that will fit in the hole.
With `-frefinement-level-hole-fits=1`, GHC will additionally find all
applications 'f _' that will fit in the hole, where 'f' is an in-scope
identifier, applied to single argument. It will also report the type of the
needed argument (a new hole).
And similarly as the number of arguments increases
As an example, let's look at the following code:
f :: [Integer] -> Integer
f = _
with `-frefinement-level-hole-fits=1`, we'd get:
Valid refinement hole fits include
foldl1 (_ :: Integer -> Integer -> Integer)
with foldl1 @[] @Integer
where foldl1 :: forall (t :: * -> *).
Foldable t =>
forall a. (a -> a -> a) -> t a -> a
foldr1 (_ :: Integer -> Integer -> Integer)
with foldr1 @[] @Integer
where foldr1 :: forall (t :: * -> *).
Foldable t =>
forall a. (a -> a -> a) -> t a -> a
const (_ :: Integer)
with const @Integer @[Integer]
where const :: forall a b. a -> b -> a
($) (_ :: [Integer] -> Integer)
with ($) @'GHC.Types.LiftedRep @[Integer] @Integer
where ($) :: forall a b. (a -> b) -> a -> b
fail (_ :: String)
with fail @((->) [Integer]) @Integer
where fail :: forall (m :: * -> *).
Monad m =>
forall a. String -> m a
return (_ :: Integer)
with return @((->) [Integer]) @Integer
where return :: forall (m :: * -> *). Monad m => forall a. a -> m a
(Some refinement hole fits suppressed;
use -fmax-refinement-hole-fits=N or -fno-max-refinement-hole-fits)
Which are hole fits with holes in them. This allows e.g. beginners to
discover the fold functions and similar, but also allows for advanced users
to figure out the valid functions in the Free monad, e.g.
instance Functor f => Monad (Free f) where
Pure a >>= f = f a
Free f >>= g = Free (fmap _a f)
Will output (with -frefinment-level-hole-fits=1):
Found hole: _a :: Free f a -> Free f b
Where: ‘a’, ‘b’ are rigid type variables bound by
the type signature for:
(>>=) :: forall a b. Free f a -> (a -> Free f b) -> Free f b
at fms.hs:25:12-14
‘f’ is a rigid type variable bound by
...
Relevant bindings include
g :: a -> Free f b (bound at fms.hs:27:16)
f :: f (Free f a) (bound at fms.hs:27:10)
(>>=) :: Free f a -> (a -> Free f b) -> Free f b
(bound at fms.hs:25:12)
...
Valid refinement hole fits include
...
(=<<) (_ :: a -> Free f b)
with (=<<) @(Free f) @a @b
where (=<<) :: forall (m :: * -> *) a b.
Monad m =>
(a -> m b) -> m a -> m b
(imported from ‘Prelude’ at fms.hs:5:18-22
(and originally defined in ‘GHC.Base’))
...
Where `(=<<) _` is precisely the function we want (we ultimately want `>>= g`).
We find these refinement suggestions by considering hole fits that don't
fit the type of the hole, but ones that would fit if given an additional
argument. We do this by creating a new type variable with `newOpenFlexiTyVar`
(e.g. `t_a1/m[tau:1]`), and then considering hole fits of the type
`t_a1/m[tau:1] -> v` where `v` is the type of the hole.
Since the simplifier is free to unify this new type variable with any type, we
can discover any identifiers that would fit if given another identifier of a
suitable type. This is then generalized so that we can consider any number of
additional arguments by setting the `-frefinement-level-hole-fits` flag to any
number, and then considering hole fits like e.g. `foldl _ _` with two additional
arguments.
To make sure that the refinement hole fits are useful, we check that the types
of the additional holes have a concrete value and not just an invented type
variable. This eliminates suggestions such as `head (_ :: [t0 -> a]) (_ :: t0)`,
and limits the number of less than useful refinement hole fits.
Additionally, to further aid the user in their implementation, we show the
types of the holes the binding would have to be applied to in order to work.
In the free monad example above, this is demonstrated with
`(=<<) (_ :: a -> Free f b)`, which tells the user that the `(=<<)` needs to
be applied to an expression of type `a -> Free f b` in order to match.
If -XScopedTypeVariables is enabled, this hole fit can even be copied verbatim.
Note [Relevant constraints]
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
As highlighted by #14273, we need to check any relevant constraints as well
as checking for subsumption. Relevant constraints are the simple constraints
whose free unification variables are mentioned in the type of the hole.
In the simplest case, these are all non-hole constraints in the simples, such
as is the case in
f :: String
f = show _
Here, the hole is given type a0_a1kv[tau:1]. Then, the emitted constraint is:
[WD] $dShow_a1kw {0}:: Show a0_a1kv[tau:1] (CNonCanonical)
However, when there are multiple holes, we need to be more careful. As an
example, Let's take a look at the following code:
f :: Show a => a -> String
f x = show (_b (show _a))
Here there are two holes, `_a` and `_b`. Suppose _a :: a0_a1pd[tau:2] and
_b :: a1_a1po[tau:2]. Then, the simple constraints passed to
findValidHoleFits are:
[[WD] $dShow_a1pe {0}:: Show a0_a1pd[tau:2] (CNonCanonical),
[WD] $dShow_a1pp {0}:: Show a1_a1po[tau:2] (CNonCanonical)]
When we are looking for a match for the hole `_a`, we filter the simple
constraints to the "Relevant constraints", by throwing out any constraints
which do not mention a variable mentioned in the type of the hole. For hole
`_a`, we will then only require that the `$dShow_a1pe` constraint is solved,
since that is the only constraint that mentions any free type variables
mentioned in the hole constraint for `_a`, namely `a_a1pd[tau:2]`, and
similarly for the hole `_b` we only require that the `$dShow_a1pe` constraint
is solved.
Note [Leaking errors]
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
When considering candidates, GHC believes that we're checking for validity in
actual source. However, As evidenced by #15321, #15007 and #15202, this can
cause bewildering error messages. The solution here is simple: if a candidate
would cause the type checker to error, it is not a valid hole fit, and thus it
is discarded.
-}
data HoleFitDispConfig = HFDC { showWrap :: Bool
, showWrapVars :: Bool
, showType :: Bool
, showProv :: Bool
, showMatches :: Bool }
-- We read the various -no-show-*-of-hole-fits flags
-- and set the display config accordingly.
getHoleFitDispConfig :: TcM HoleFitDispConfig
getHoleFitDispConfig
= do { sWrap <- goptM Opt_ShowTypeAppOfHoleFits
; sWrapVars <- goptM Opt_ShowTypeAppVarsOfHoleFits
; sType <- goptM Opt_ShowTypeOfHoleFits
; sProv <- goptM Opt_ShowProvOfHoleFits
; sMatc <- goptM Opt_ShowMatchesOfHoleFits
; return HFDC{ showWrap = sWrap, showWrapVars = sWrapVars
, showProv = sProv, showType = sType
, showMatches = sMatc } }
-- Which sorting algorithm to use
data HoleFitSortingAlg = HFSNoSorting -- Do not sort the fits at all
| HFSBySize -- Sort them by the size of the match
| HFSBySubsumption -- Sort by full subsumption
deriving (Eq, Ord)
getHoleFitSortingAlg :: TcM HoleFitSortingAlg
getHoleFitSortingAlg =
do { shouldSort <- goptM Opt_SortValidHoleFits
; subsumSort <- goptM Opt_SortBySubsumHoleFits
; sizeSort <- goptM Opt_SortBySizeHoleFits
-- We default to sizeSort unless it has been explicitly turned off
-- or subsumption sorting has been turned on.
; return $ if not shouldSort
then HFSNoSorting
else if subsumSort
then HFSBySubsumption
else if sizeSort
then HFSBySize
else HFSNoSorting }
-- If enabled, we go through the fits and add any associated documentation,
-- by looking it up in the module or the environment (for local fits)
addHoleFitDocs :: [HoleFit] -> TcM [HoleFit]
addHoleFitDocs fits =
do { showDocs <- goptM Opt_ShowDocsOfHoleFits
; if showDocs
then do { (_, DeclDocMap lclDocs, _) <- getGblEnv >>= extractDocs
; mapM (upd lclDocs) fits }
else return fits }
where
msg = text "GHC.Tc.Errors.Hole addHoleFitDocs"
lookupInIface name (ModIface { mi_decl_docs = DeclDocMap dmap })
= Map.lookup name dmap
upd lclDocs fit@(HoleFit {hfCand = cand}) =
do { let name = getName cand
; doc <- if hfIsLcl fit
then pure (Map.lookup name lclDocs)
else do { mbIface <- loadInterfaceForNameMaybe msg name
; return $ mbIface >>= lookupInIface name }
; return $ fit {hfDoc = doc} }
upd _ fit = return fit
-- For pretty printing hole fits, we display the name and type of the fit,
-- with added '_' to represent any extra arguments in case of a non-zero
-- refinement level.
pprHoleFit :: HoleFitDispConfig -> HoleFit -> SDoc
pprHoleFit _ (RawHoleFit sd) = sd
pprHoleFit (HFDC sWrp sWrpVars sTy sProv sMs) (HoleFit {..}) =
hang display 2 provenance
where tyApp = sep $ zipWithEqual "pprHoleFit" pprArg vars hfWrap
where pprArg b arg = case binderArgFlag b of
-- See Note [Explicit Case Statement for Specificity]
(Invisible spec) -> case spec of
SpecifiedSpec -> text "@" <> pprParendType arg
-- Do not print type application for inferred
-- variables (#16456)
InferredSpec -> empty
Required -> pprPanic "pprHoleFit: bad Required"
(ppr b <+> ppr arg)
tyAppVars = sep $ punctuate comma $
zipWithEqual "pprHoleFit" (\v t -> ppr (binderVar v) <+>
text "~" <+> pprParendType t)
vars hfWrap
vars = unwrapTypeVars hfType
where
-- Attempts to get all the quantified type variables in a type,
-- e.g.
-- return :: forall (m :: * -> *) Monad m => (forall a . a -> m a)
-- into [m, a]
unwrapTypeVars :: Type -> [TyCoVarBinder]
unwrapTypeVars t = vars ++ case splitFunTy_maybe unforalled of
Just (_, _, unfunned) -> unwrapTypeVars unfunned
_ -> []
where (vars, unforalled) = splitForAllTyCoVarBinders t
holeVs = sep $ map (parens . (text "_" <+> dcolon <+>) . ppr) hfMatches
holeDisp = if sMs then holeVs
else sep $ replicate (length hfMatches) $ text "_"
occDisp = case hfCand of
GreHFCand gre -> pprPrefixOcc (grePrintableName gre)
NameHFCand name -> pprPrefixOcc name
IdHFCand id_ -> pprPrefixOcc id_
tyDisp = ppWhen sTy $ dcolon <+> ppr hfType
has = not . null
wrapDisp = ppWhen (has hfWrap && (sWrp || sWrpVars))
$ text "with" <+> if sWrp || not sTy
then occDisp <+> tyApp
else tyAppVars
docs = case hfDoc of
Just d -> text "{-^" <>
(vcat . map text . lines . unpackHDS) d
<> text "-}"
_ -> empty
funcInfo = ppWhen (has hfMatches && sTy) $
text "where" <+> occDisp <+> tyDisp
subDisp = occDisp <+> if has hfMatches then holeDisp else tyDisp
display = subDisp $$ nest 2 (funcInfo $+$ docs $+$ wrapDisp)
provenance = ppWhen sProv $ parens $
case hfCand of
GreHFCand gre -> pprNameProvenance gre
NameHFCand name -> text "bound at" <+> ppr (getSrcLoc name)
IdHFCand id_ -> text "bound at" <+> ppr (getSrcLoc id_)
getLocalBindings :: TidyEnv -> CtLoc -> TcM [Id]
getLocalBindings tidy_orig ct_loc
= do { (env1, _) <- zonkTidyOrigin tidy_orig (ctLocOrigin ct_loc)
; go env1 [] (removeBindingShadowing $ tcl_bndrs lcl_env) }
where
lcl_env = ctLocEnv ct_loc
go :: TidyEnv -> [Id] -> [TcBinder] -> TcM [Id]
go _ sofar [] = return (reverse sofar)
go env sofar (tc_bndr : tc_bndrs) =
case tc_bndr of
TcIdBndr id _ -> keep_it id
_ -> discard_it
where
discard_it = go env sofar tc_bndrs
keep_it id = go env (id:sofar) tc_bndrs
-- See Note [Valid hole fits include ...]
findValidHoleFits :: TidyEnv -- ^ The tidy_env for zonking
-> [Implication] -- ^ Enclosing implications for givens
-> [Ct]
-- ^ The unsolved simple constraints in the implication for
-- the hole.
-> Hole
-> TcM (TidyEnv, SDoc)
findValidHoleFits tidy_env implics simples h@(Hole { hole_sort = ExprHole _
, hole_loc = ct_loc
, hole_ty = hole_ty }) =
do { rdr_env <- getGlobalRdrEnv
; lclBinds <- getLocalBindings tidy_env ct_loc
; maxVSubs <- maxValidHoleFits <$> getDynFlags
; hfdc <- getHoleFitDispConfig
; sortingAlg <- getHoleFitSortingAlg
; dflags <- getDynFlags
; hfPlugs <- tcg_hf_plugins <$> getGblEnv
; let findVLimit = if sortingAlg > HFSNoSorting then Nothing else maxVSubs
refLevel = refLevelHoleFits dflags
hole = TypedHole { th_relevant_cts =
listToBag (relevantCts hole_ty simples)
, th_implics = implics
, th_hole = Just h }
(candidatePlugins, fitPlugins) =
unzip $ map (\p-> ((candPlugin p) hole, (fitPlugin p) hole)) hfPlugs
; traceTc "findingValidHoleFitsFor { " $ ppr hole
; traceTc "hole_lvl is:" $ ppr hole_lvl
; traceTc "simples are: " $ ppr simples
; traceTc "locals are: " $ ppr lclBinds
; let (lcl, gbl) = partition gre_lcl (globalRdrEnvElts rdr_env)
-- We remove binding shadowings here, but only for the local level.
-- this is so we e.g. suggest the global fmap from the Functor class
-- even though there is a local definition as well, such as in the
-- Free monad example.
locals = removeBindingShadowing $
map IdHFCand lclBinds ++ map GreHFCand lcl
globals = map GreHFCand gbl
syntax = map NameHFCand builtIns
to_check = locals ++ syntax ++ globals
; cands <- foldM (flip ($)) to_check candidatePlugins
; traceTc "numPlugins are:" $ ppr (length candidatePlugins)
; (searchDiscards, subs) <-
tcFilterHoleFits findVLimit hole (hole_ty, []) cands
; (tidy_env, tidy_subs) <- zonkSubs tidy_env subs
; tidy_sorted_subs <- sortFits sortingAlg tidy_subs
; plugin_handled_subs <- foldM (flip ($)) tidy_sorted_subs fitPlugins
; let (pVDisc, limited_subs) = possiblyDiscard maxVSubs plugin_handled_subs
vDiscards = pVDisc || searchDiscards
; subs_with_docs <- addHoleFitDocs limited_subs
; let vMsg = ppUnless (null subs_with_docs) $
hang (text "Valid hole fits include") 2 $
vcat (map (pprHoleFit hfdc) subs_with_docs)
$$ ppWhen vDiscards subsDiscardMsg
-- Refinement hole fits. See Note [Valid refinement hole fits include ...]
; (tidy_env, refMsg) <- if refLevel >= Just 0 then
do { maxRSubs <- maxRefHoleFits <$> getDynFlags
-- We can use from just, since we know that Nothing >= _ is False.
; let refLvls = [1..(fromJust refLevel)]
-- We make a new refinement type for each level of refinement, where
-- the level of refinement indicates number of additional arguments
-- to allow.
; ref_tys <- mapM mkRefTy refLvls
; traceTc "ref_tys are" $ ppr ref_tys
; let findRLimit = if sortingAlg > HFSNoSorting then Nothing
else maxRSubs
; refDs <- mapM (flip (tcFilterHoleFits findRLimit hole)
cands) ref_tys
; (tidy_env, tidy_rsubs) <- zonkSubs tidy_env $ concatMap snd refDs
; tidy_sorted_rsubs <- sortFits sortingAlg tidy_rsubs
-- For refinement substitutions we want matches
-- like id (_ :: t), head (_ :: [t]), asTypeOf (_ :: t),
-- and others in that vein to appear last, since these are
-- unlikely to be the most relevant fits.
; (tidy_env, tidy_hole_ty) <- zonkTidyTcType tidy_env hole_ty
; let hasExactApp = any (tcEqType tidy_hole_ty) . hfWrap
(exact, not_exact) = partition hasExactApp tidy_sorted_rsubs
; plugin_handled_rsubs <- foldM (flip ($))
(not_exact ++ exact) fitPlugins
; let (pRDisc, exact_last_rfits) =
possiblyDiscard maxRSubs $ plugin_handled_rsubs
rDiscards = pRDisc || any fst refDs
; rsubs_with_docs <- addHoleFitDocs exact_last_rfits
; return (tidy_env,
ppUnless (null rsubs_with_docs) $
hang (text "Valid refinement hole fits include") 2 $
vcat (map (pprHoleFit hfdc) rsubs_with_docs)
$$ ppWhen rDiscards refSubsDiscardMsg) }
else return (tidy_env, empty)
; traceTc "findingValidHoleFitsFor }" empty
; return (tidy_env, vMsg $$ refMsg) }
where
-- We extract the TcLevel from the constraint.
hole_lvl = ctLocLevel ct_loc
-- BuiltInSyntax names like (:) and []
builtIns :: [Name]
builtIns = filter isBuiltInSyntax knownKeyNames
-- We make a refinement type by adding a new type variable in front
-- of the type of t h hole, going from e.g. [Integer] -> Integer
-- to t_a1/m[tau:1] -> [Integer] -> Integer. This allows the simplifier
-- to unify the new type variable with any type, allowing us
-- to suggest a "refinement hole fit", like `(foldl1 _)` instead
-- of only concrete hole fits like `sum`.
mkRefTy :: Int -> TcM (TcType, [TcTyVar])
mkRefTy refLvl = (wrapWithVars &&& id) <$> newTyVars
where newTyVars = replicateM refLvl $ setLvl <$>
(newOpenTypeKind >>= newFlexiTyVar)
setLvl = flip setMetaTyVarTcLevel hole_lvl
wrapWithVars vars = mkVisFunTysMany (map mkTyVarTy vars) hole_ty
sortFits :: HoleFitSortingAlg -- How we should sort the hole fits
-> [HoleFit] -- The subs to sort
-> TcM [HoleFit]
sortFits HFSNoSorting subs = return subs
sortFits HFSBySize subs
= (++) <$> sortHoleFitsBySize (sort lclFits)
<*> sortHoleFitsBySize (sort gblFits)
where (lclFits, gblFits) = span hfIsLcl subs
-- To sort by subsumption, we invoke the sortByGraph function, which
-- builds the subsumption graph for the fits and then sorts them using a
-- graph sort. Since we want locals to come first anyway, we can sort
-- them separately. The substitutions are already checked in local then
-- global order, so we can get away with using span here.
-- We use (<*>) to expose the parallelism, in case it becomes useful later.
sortFits HFSBySubsumption subs
= (++) <$> sortHoleFitsByGraph (sort lclFits)
<*> sortHoleFitsByGraph (sort gblFits)
where (lclFits, gblFits) = span hfIsLcl subs
subsDiscardMsg :: SDoc
subsDiscardMsg =
text "(Some hole fits suppressed;" <+>
text "use -fmax-valid-hole-fits=N" <+>
text "or -fno-max-valid-hole-fits)"
refSubsDiscardMsg :: SDoc
refSubsDiscardMsg =
text "(Some refinement hole fits suppressed;" <+>
text "use -fmax-refinement-hole-fits=N" <+>
text "or -fno-max-refinement-hole-fits)"
-- Based on the flags, we might possibly discard some or all the
-- fits we've found.
possiblyDiscard :: Maybe Int -> [HoleFit] -> (Bool, [HoleFit])
possiblyDiscard (Just max) fits = (fits `lengthExceeds` max, take max fits)
possiblyDiscard Nothing fits = (False, fits)
-- We don't (as of yet) handle holes in types, only in expressions.
findValidHoleFits env _ _ _ = return (env, empty)
-- See Note [Relevant constraints]
relevantCts :: Type -> [Ct] -> [Ct]
relevantCts hole_ty simples = if isEmptyVarSet (fvVarSet hole_fvs) then []
else filter isRelevant simples
where ctFreeVarSet :: Ct -> VarSet
ctFreeVarSet = fvVarSet . tyCoFVsOfType . ctPred
hole_fvs = tyCoFVsOfType hole_ty
hole_fv_set = fvVarSet hole_fvs
anyFVMentioned :: Ct -> Bool
anyFVMentioned ct = ctFreeVarSet ct `intersectsVarSet` hole_fv_set
-- We filter out those constraints that have no variables (since
-- they won't be solved by finding a type for the type variable
-- representing the hole) and also other holes, since we're not
-- trying to find hole fits for many holes at once.
isRelevant ct = not (isEmptyVarSet (ctFreeVarSet ct))
&& anyFVMentioned ct
-- We zonk the hole fits so that the output aligns with the rest
-- of the typed hole error message output.
zonkSubs :: TidyEnv -> [HoleFit] -> TcM (TidyEnv, [HoleFit])
zonkSubs = zonkSubs' []
where zonkSubs' zs env [] = return (env, reverse zs)
zonkSubs' zs env (hf:hfs) = do { (env', z) <- zonkSub env hf
; zonkSubs' (z:zs) env' hfs }
zonkSub :: TidyEnv -> HoleFit -> TcM (TidyEnv, HoleFit)
zonkSub env hf@RawHoleFit{} = return (env, hf)
zonkSub env hf@HoleFit{hfType = ty, hfMatches = m, hfWrap = wrp}
= do { (env, ty') <- zonkTidyTcType env ty
; (env, m') <- zonkTidyTcTypes env m
; (env, wrp') <- zonkTidyTcTypes env wrp
; let zFit = hf {hfType = ty', hfMatches = m', hfWrap = wrp'}
; return (env, zFit ) }
-- | Sort by size uses as a measure for relevance the sizes of the different
-- types needed to instantiate the fit to the type of the hole.
-- This is much quicker than sorting by subsumption, and gives reasonable
-- results in most cases.
sortHoleFitsBySize :: [HoleFit] -> TcM [HoleFit]
sortHoleFitsBySize = return . sortOn sizeOfFit
where sizeOfFit :: HoleFit -> TypeSize
sizeOfFit = sizeTypes . nubBy tcEqType . hfWrap
-- Based on a suggestion by phadej on #ghc, we can sort the found fits
-- by constructing a subsumption graph, and then do a topological sort of
-- the graph. This makes the most specific types appear first, which are
-- probably those most relevant. This takes a lot of work (but results in
-- much more useful output), and can be disabled by
-- '-fno-sort-valid-hole-fits'.
sortHoleFitsByGraph :: [HoleFit] -> TcM [HoleFit]
sortHoleFitsByGraph fits = go [] fits
where tcSubsumesWCloning :: TcType -> TcType -> TcM Bool
tcSubsumesWCloning ht ty = withoutUnification fvs (tcSubsumes ht ty)
where fvs = tyCoFVsOfTypes [ht,ty]
go :: [(HoleFit, [HoleFit])] -> [HoleFit] -> TcM [HoleFit]
go sofar [] = do { traceTc "subsumptionGraph was" $ ppr sofar
; return $ uncurry (++) $ partition hfIsLcl topSorted }
where toV (hf, adjs) = (hf, hfId hf, map hfId adjs)
(graph, fromV, _) = graphFromEdges $ map toV sofar
topSorted = map ((\(h,_,_) -> h) . fromV) $ topSort graph
go sofar (hf:hfs) =
do { adjs <- filterM (tcSubsumesWCloning (hfType hf) . hfType) fits
; go ((hf, adjs):sofar) hfs }
-- | tcFilterHoleFits filters the candidates by whether, given the implications
-- and the relevant constraints, they can be made to match the type by
-- running the type checker. Stops after finding limit matches.
tcFilterHoleFits :: Maybe Int
-- ^ How many we should output, if limited
-> TypedHole -- ^ The hole to filter against
-> (TcType, [TcTyVar])
-- ^ The type to check for fits and a list of refinement
-- variables (free type variables in the type) for emulating
-- additional holes.
-> [HoleFitCandidate]
-- ^ The candidates to check whether fit.
-> TcM (Bool, [HoleFit])
-- ^ We return whether or not we stopped due to hitting the limit
-- and the fits we found.
tcFilterHoleFits (Just 0) _ _ _ = return (False, []) -- Stop right away on 0
tcFilterHoleFits limit typed_hole ht@(hole_ty, _) candidates =
do { traceTc "checkingFitsFor {" $ ppr hole_ty
; (discards, subs) <- go [] emptyVarSet limit ht candidates
; traceTc "checkingFitsFor }" empty
; return (discards, subs) }
where
hole_fvs :: FV
hole_fvs = tyCoFVsOfType hole_ty
-- Kickoff the checking of the elements.
-- We iterate over the elements, checking each one in turn for whether
-- it fits, and adding it to the results if it does.
go :: [HoleFit] -- What we've found so far.
-> VarSet -- Ids we've already checked
-> Maybe Int -- How many we're allowed to find, if limited
-> (TcType, [TcTyVar]) -- The type, and its refinement variables.
-> [HoleFitCandidate] -- The elements we've yet to check.
-> TcM (Bool, [HoleFit])
go subs _ _ _ [] = return (False, reverse subs)
go subs _ (Just 0) _ _ = return (True, reverse subs)
go subs seen maxleft ty (el:elts) =
-- See Note [Leaking errors]
tryTcDiscardingErrs discard_it $
do { traceTc "lookingUp" $ ppr el
; maybeThing <- lookup el
; case maybeThing of
Just (id, id_ty) | not_trivial id ->
do { fits <- fitsHole ty id_ty
; case fits of
Just (wrp, matches) -> keep_it id id_ty wrp matches
_ -> discard_it }
_ -> discard_it }
where
-- We want to filter out undefined and the likes from GHC.Err
not_trivial id = nameModule_maybe (idName id) /= Just gHC_ERR
lookup :: HoleFitCandidate -> TcM (Maybe (Id, Type))
lookup (IdHFCand id) = return (Just (id, idType id))
lookup hfc = do { thing <- tcLookup name
; return $ case thing of
ATcId {tct_id = id} -> Just (id, idType id)
AGlobal (AnId id) -> Just (id, idType id)
AGlobal (AConLike (RealDataCon con)) ->
Just (dataConWrapId con, dataConNonlinearType con)
_ -> Nothing }
where name = case hfc of
#if __GLASGOW_HASKELL__ < 901
IdHFCand id -> idName id
#endif
GreHFCand gre -> greMangledName gre
NameHFCand name -> name
discard_it = go subs seen maxleft ty elts
keep_it eid eid_ty wrp ms = go (fit:subs) (extendVarSet seen eid)
((\n -> n - 1) <$> maxleft) ty elts
where
fit = HoleFit { hfId = eid, hfCand = el, hfType = eid_ty
, hfRefLvl = length (snd ty)
, hfWrap = wrp, hfMatches = ms
, hfDoc = Nothing }
unfoldWrapper :: HsWrapper -> [Type]
unfoldWrapper = reverse . unfWrp'
where unfWrp' (WpTyApp ty) = [ty]
unfWrp' (WpCompose w1 w2) = unfWrp' w1 ++ unfWrp' w2
unfWrp' _ = []
-- The real work happens here, where we invoke the type checker using
-- tcCheckHoleFit to see whether the given type fits the hole.
fitsHole :: (TcType, [TcTyVar]) -- The type of the hole wrapped with the
-- refinement variables created to simulate
-- additional holes (if any), and the list
-- of those variables (possibly empty).
-- As an example: If the actual type of the
-- hole (as specified by the hole
-- constraint CHoleExpr passed to
-- findValidHoleFits) is t and we want to
-- simulate N additional holes, h_ty will
-- be r_1 -> ... -> r_N -> t, and
-- ref_vars will be [r_1, ... , r_N].
-- In the base case with no additional
-- holes, h_ty will just be t and ref_vars
-- will be [].
-> TcType -- The type we're checking to whether it can be
-- instantiated to the type h_ty.
-> TcM (Maybe ([TcType], [TcType])) -- If it is not a match, we
-- return Nothing. Otherwise,
-- we Just return the list of
-- types that quantified type
-- variables in ty would take
-- if used in place of h_ty,
-- and the list types of any
-- additional holes simulated
-- with the refinement
-- variables in ref_vars.
fitsHole (h_ty, ref_vars) ty =
-- We wrap this with the withoutUnification to avoid having side-effects
-- beyond the check, but we rely on the side-effects when looking for
-- refinement hole fits, so we can't wrap the side-effects deeper than this.
withoutUnification fvs $
do { traceTc "checkingFitOf {" $ ppr ty
; (fits, wrp) <- tcCheckHoleFit hole h_ty ty
; traceTc "Did it fit?" $ ppr fits
; traceTc "wrap is: " $ ppr wrp
; traceTc "checkingFitOf }" empty
; z_wrp_tys <- zonkTcTypes (unfoldWrapper wrp)
-- We'd like to avoid refinement suggestions like `id _ _` or
-- `head _ _`, and only suggest refinements where our all phantom
-- variables got unified during the checking. This can be disabled
-- with the `-fabstract-refinement-hole-fits` flag.
-- Here we do the additional handling when there are refinement
-- variables, i.e. zonk them to read their final value to check for
-- abstract refinements, and to report what the type of the simulated
-- holes must be for this to be a match.
; if fits
then if null ref_vars
then return (Just (z_wrp_tys, []))
else do { let -- To be concrete matches, matches have to
-- be more than just an invented type variable.
fvSet = fvVarSet fvs
notAbstract :: TcType -> Bool
notAbstract t = case getTyVar_maybe t of
Just tv -> tv `elemVarSet` fvSet
_ -> True
allConcrete = all notAbstract z_wrp_tys
; z_vars <- zonkTcTyVars ref_vars
; let z_mtvs = mapMaybe tcGetTyVar_maybe z_vars
; allFilled <- not <$> anyM isFlexiTyVar z_mtvs
; allowAbstract <- goptM Opt_AbstractRefHoleFits
; if allowAbstract || (allFilled && allConcrete )
then return $ Just (z_wrp_tys, z_vars)
else return Nothing }
else return Nothing }
where fvs = mkFVs ref_vars `unionFV` hole_fvs `unionFV` tyCoFVsOfType ty
hole = typed_hole { th_hole = Nothing }
-- | Checks whether a MetaTyVar is flexible or not.
isFlexiTyVar :: TcTyVar -> TcM Bool
isFlexiTyVar tv | isMetaTyVar tv = isFlexi <$> readMetaTyVar tv
isFlexiTyVar _ = return False
-- | Takes a list of free variables and restores any Flexi type variables in
-- free_vars after the action is run.
withoutUnification :: FV -> TcM a -> TcM a
withoutUnification free_vars action =
do { flexis <- filterM isFlexiTyVar fuvs
; result <- action
-- Reset any mutated free variables
; mapM_ restore flexis
; return result }
where restore tv = do { traceTc "withoutUnification: restore flexi" (ppr tv)
; writeTcRef (metaTyVarRef tv) Flexi }
fuvs = fvVarList free_vars
-- | Reports whether first type (ty_a) subsumes the second type (ty_b),
-- discarding any errors. Subsumption here means that the ty_b can fit into the
-- ty_a, i.e. `tcSubsumes a b == True` if b is a subtype of a.
tcSubsumes :: TcSigmaType -> TcSigmaType -> TcM Bool
tcSubsumes ty_a ty_b = fst <$> tcCheckHoleFit dummyHole ty_a ty_b
where dummyHole = TypedHole { th_relevant_cts = emptyBag
, th_implics = []
, th_hole = Nothing }
-- | A tcSubsumes which takes into account relevant constraints, to fix trac
-- #14273. This makes sure that when checking whether a type fits the hole,
-- the type has to be subsumed by type of the hole as well as fulfill all
-- constraints on the type of the hole.
tcCheckHoleFit :: TypedHole -- ^ The hole to check against
-> TcSigmaType
-- ^ The type to check against (possibly modified, e.g. refined)
-> TcSigmaType -- ^ The type to check whether fits.
-> TcM (Bool, HsWrapper)
-- ^ Whether it was a match, and the wrapper from hole_ty to ty.
tcCheckHoleFit _ hole_ty ty | hole_ty `eqType` ty
= return (True, idHsWrapper)
tcCheckHoleFit (TypedHole {..}) hole_ty ty = discardErrs $
do { -- We wrap the subtype constraint in the implications to pass along the
-- givens, and so we must ensure that any nested implications and skolems
-- end up with the correct level. The implications are ordered so that
-- the innermost (the one with the highest level) is first, so it
-- suffices to get the level of the first one (or the current level, if
-- there are no implications involved).
innermost_lvl <- case th_implics of
[] -> getTcLevel
-- imp is the innermost implication
(imp:_) -> return (ic_tclvl imp)
; (wrap, wanted) <- setTcLevel innermost_lvl $ captureConstraints $
tcSubTypeSigma ExprSigCtxt ty hole_ty
; traceTc "Checking hole fit {" empty
; traceTc "wanteds are: " $ ppr wanted
; if isEmptyWC wanted && isEmptyBag th_relevant_cts
then do { traceTc "}" empty
; return (True, wrap) }
else do { fresh_binds <- newTcEvBinds
-- The relevant constraints may contain HoleDests, so we must
-- take care to clone them as well (to avoid #15370).
; cloned_relevants <- mapBagM cloneWanted th_relevant_cts
-- We wrap the WC in the nested implications, see
-- Note [Checking hole fits]
; let outermost_first = reverse th_implics
-- We add the cloned relevants to the wanteds generated by
-- the call to tcSubType_NC, see Note [Relevant constraints]
-- There's no need to clone the wanteds, because they are
-- freshly generated by `tcSubtype_NC`.
w_rel_cts = addSimples wanted cloned_relevants
final_wc = foldr (setWCAndBinds fresh_binds) w_rel_cts outermost_first
; traceTc "final_wc is: " $ ppr final_wc
; rem <- runTcSDeriveds $ simplifyTopWanteds final_wc
-- We don't want any insoluble or simple constraints left, but
-- solved implications are ok (and necessary for e.g. undefined)
; traceTc "rems was:" $ ppr rem
; traceTc "}" empty
; return (isSolvedWC rem, wrap) } }
where
setWCAndBinds :: EvBindsVar -- Fresh ev binds var.
-> Implication -- The implication to put WC in.
-> WantedConstraints -- The WC constraints to put implic.
-> WantedConstraints -- The new constraints.
setWCAndBinds binds imp wc
= mkImplicWC $ unitBag $ imp { ic_wanted = wc , ic_binds = binds }