{-
This module defines types and simple operations over constraints,
as used in the type-checker and constraint solver.
-}
{-# LANGUAGE CPP, GeneralizedNewtypeDeriving #-}
module Constraint (
-- QCInst
QCInst(..), isPendingScInst,
-- Canonical constraints
Xi, Ct(..), Cts, emptyCts, andCts, andManyCts, pprCts,
singleCt, listToCts, ctsElts, consCts, snocCts, extendCtsList,
isEmptyCts, isCTyEqCan, isCFunEqCan,
isPendingScDict, superClassesMightHelp, getPendingWantedScs,
isCDictCan_Maybe, isCFunEqCan_maybe,
isCNonCanonical, isWantedCt, isDerivedCt,
isGivenCt, isHoleCt, isOutOfScopeCt, isExprHoleCt, isTypeHoleCt,
isUserTypeErrorCt, getUserTypeErrorMsg,
ctEvidence, ctLoc, setCtLoc, ctPred, ctFlavour, ctEqRel, ctOrigin,
ctEvId, mkTcEqPredLikeEv,
mkNonCanonical, mkNonCanonicalCt, mkGivens,
mkIrredCt, mkInsolubleCt,
ctEvPred, ctEvLoc, ctEvOrigin, ctEvEqRel,
ctEvExpr, ctEvTerm, ctEvCoercion, ctEvEvId,
tyCoVarsOfCt, tyCoVarsOfCts,
tyCoVarsOfCtList, tyCoVarsOfCtsList,
WantedConstraints(..), insolubleWC, emptyWC, isEmptyWC,
isSolvedWC, andWC, unionsWC, mkSimpleWC, mkImplicWC,
addInsols, insolublesOnly, addSimples, addImplics,
tyCoVarsOfWC, dropDerivedWC, dropDerivedSimples,
tyCoVarsOfWCList, insolubleCt, insolubleEqCt,
isDroppableCt, insolubleImplic,
arisesFromGivens,
Implication(..), implicationPrototype,
ImplicStatus(..), isInsolubleStatus, isSolvedStatus,
SubGoalDepth, initialSubGoalDepth, maxSubGoalDepth,
bumpSubGoalDepth, subGoalDepthExceeded,
CtLoc(..), ctLocSpan, ctLocEnv, ctLocLevel, ctLocOrigin,
ctLocTypeOrKind_maybe,
ctLocDepth, bumpCtLocDepth, isGivenLoc,
setCtLocOrigin, updateCtLocOrigin, setCtLocEnv, setCtLocSpan,
pprCtLoc,
-- CtEvidence
CtEvidence(..), TcEvDest(..),
mkKindLoc, toKindLoc, mkGivenLoc,
isWanted, isGiven, isDerived, isGivenOrWDeriv,
ctEvRole,
wrapType, wrapTypeWithImplication,
CtFlavour(..), ShadowInfo(..), ctEvFlavour,
CtFlavourRole, ctEvFlavourRole, ctFlavourRole,
eqCanRewrite, eqCanRewriteFR, eqMayRewriteFR,
eqCanDischargeFR,
funEqCanDischarge, funEqCanDischargeF,
-- Pretty printing
pprEvVarTheta,
pprEvVars, pprEvVarWithType,
-- holes
Hole(..), holeOcc,
)
where
#include "HsVersions.h"
import GhcPrelude
import {-# SOURCE #-} TcRnTypes ( TcLclEnv, setLclEnvTcLevel, getLclEnvTcLevel
, setLclEnvLoc, getLclEnvLoc )
import GHC.Hs.Expr ( UnboundVar(..), unboundVarOcc )
import Predicate
import Type
import Coercion
import Class
import TyCon
import Var
import Id
import TcType
import TcEvidence
import TcOrigin
import CoreSyn
import TyCoPpr
import OccName
import FV
import VarSet
import DynFlags
import BasicTypes
import Outputable
import SrcLoc
import Bag
import Util
import Control.Monad ( msum )
{-
************************************************************************
* *
* Canonical constraints *
* *
* These are the constraints the low-level simplifier works with *
* *
************************************************************************
-}
-- The syntax of xi (ΞΎ) types:
-- xi ::= a | T xis | xis -> xis | ... | forall a. tau
-- Two important notes:
-- (i) No type families, unless we are under a ForAll
-- (ii) Note that xi types can contain unexpanded type synonyms;
-- however, the (transitive) expansions of those type synonyms
-- will not contain any type functions, unless we are under a ForAll.
-- We enforce the structure of Xi types when we flatten (TcCanonical)
type Xi = Type -- In many comments, "xi" ranges over Xi
type Cts = Bag Ct
data Ct
-- Atomic canonical constraints
= CDictCan { -- e.g. Num xi
cc_ev :: CtEvidence, -- See Note [Ct/evidence invariant]
cc_class :: Class,
cc_tyargs :: [Xi], -- cc_tyargs are function-free, hence Xi
cc_pend_sc :: Bool -- See Note [The superclass story] in TcCanonical
-- True <=> (a) cc_class has superclasses
-- (b) we have not (yet) added those
-- superclasses as Givens
}
| CIrredCan { -- These stand for yet-unusable predicates
cc_ev :: CtEvidence, -- See Note [Ct/evidence invariant]
cc_insol :: Bool -- True <=> definitely an error, can never be solved
-- False <=> might be soluble
-- For the might-be-soluble case, the ctev_pred of the evidence is
-- of form (tv xi1 xi2 ... xin) with a tyvar at the head
-- or (tv1 ~ ty2) where the CTyEqCan kind invariant fails
-- or (F tys ~ ty) where the CFunEqCan kind invariant fails
-- See Note [CIrredCan constraints]
-- The definitely-insoluble case is for things like
-- Int ~ Bool tycons don't match
-- a ~ [a] occurs check
}
| CTyEqCan { -- tv ~ rhs
-- Invariants:
-- * See Note [inert_eqs: the inert equalities] in TcSMonad
-- * tv not in tvs(rhs) (occurs check)
-- * If tv is a TauTv, then rhs has no foralls
-- (this avoids substituting a forall for the tyvar in other types)
-- * tcTypeKind ty `tcEqKind` tcTypeKind tv; Note [Ct kind invariant]
-- * rhs may have at most one top-level cast
-- * rhs (perhaps under the one cast) is *almost function-free*,
-- See Note [Almost function-free]
-- * If the equality is representational, rhs has no top-level newtype
-- See Note [No top-level newtypes on RHS of representational
-- equalities] in TcCanonical
-- * If rhs (perhaps under the cast) is also a tv, then it is oriented
-- to give best chance of
-- unification happening; eg if rhs is touchable then lhs is too
cc_ev :: CtEvidence, -- See Note [Ct/evidence invariant]
cc_tyvar :: TcTyVar,
cc_rhs :: TcType, -- Not necessarily function-free (hence not Xi)
-- See invariants above
cc_eq_rel :: EqRel -- INVARIANT: cc_eq_rel = ctEvEqRel cc_ev
}
| CFunEqCan { -- F xis ~ fsk
-- Invariants:
-- * isTypeFamilyTyCon cc_fun
-- * tcTypeKind (F xis) = tyVarKind fsk; Note [Ct kind invariant]
-- * always Nominal role
cc_ev :: CtEvidence, -- See Note [Ct/evidence invariant]
cc_fun :: TyCon, -- A type function
cc_tyargs :: [Xi], -- cc_tyargs are function-free (hence Xi)
-- Either under-saturated or exactly saturated
-- *never* over-saturated (because if so
-- we should have decomposed)
cc_fsk :: TcTyVar -- [G] always a FlatSkolTv
-- [W], [WD], or [D] always a FlatMetaTv
-- See Note [The flattening story] in TcFlatten
}
| CNonCanonical { -- See Note [NonCanonical Semantics] in TcSMonad
cc_ev :: CtEvidence
}
| CHoleCan { -- See Note [Hole constraints]
-- Treated as an "insoluble" constraint
-- See Note [Insoluble constraints]
cc_ev :: CtEvidence,
cc_hole :: Hole
}
| CQuantCan QCInst -- A quantified constraint
-- NB: I expect to make more of the cases in Ct
-- look like this, with the payload in an
-- auxiliary type
------------
data QCInst -- A much simplified version of ClsInst
-- See Note [Quantified constraints] in TcCanonical
= QCI { qci_ev :: CtEvidence -- Always of type forall tvs. context => ty
-- Always Given
, qci_tvs :: [TcTyVar] -- The tvs
, qci_pred :: TcPredType -- The ty
, qci_pend_sc :: Bool -- Same as cc_pend_sc flag in CDictCan
-- Invariant: True => qci_pred is a ClassPred
}
instance Outputable QCInst where
ppr (QCI { qci_ev = ev }) = ppr ev
------------
-- | An expression or type hole
data Hole = ExprHole UnboundVar
-- ^ Either an out-of-scope variable or a "true" hole in an
-- expression (TypedHoles)
| TypeHole OccName
-- ^ A hole in a type (PartialTypeSignatures)
instance Outputable Hole where
ppr (ExprHole ub) = ppr ub
ppr (TypeHole occ) = text "TypeHole" <> parens (ppr occ)
holeOcc :: Hole -> OccName
holeOcc (ExprHole uv) = unboundVarOcc uv
holeOcc (TypeHole occ) = occ
{- Note [Hole constraints]
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
CHoleCan constraints are used for two kinds of holes,
distinguished by cc_hole:
* For holes in expressions (includings variables not in scope)
e.g. f x = g _ x
* For holes in type signatures
e.g. f :: _ -> _
f x = [x,True]
Note [CIrredCan constraints]
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
CIrredCan constraints are used for constraints that are "stuck"
- we can't solve them (yet)
- we can't use them to solve other constraints
- but they may become soluble if we substitute for some
of the type variables in the constraint
Example 1: (c Int), where c :: * -> Constraint. We can't do anything
with this yet, but if later c := Num, *then* we can solve it
Example 2: a ~ b, where a :: *, b :: k, where k is a kind variable
We don't want to use this to substitute 'b' for 'a', in case
'k' is subsequently unifed with (say) *->*, because then
we'd have ill-kinded types floating about. Rather we want
to defer using the equality altogether until 'k' get resolved.
Note [Ct/evidence invariant]
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
If ct :: Ct, then extra fields of 'ct' cache precisely the ctev_pred field
of (cc_ev ct), and is fully rewritten wrt the substitution. Eg for CDictCan,
ctev_pred (cc_ev ct) = (cc_class ct) (cc_tyargs ct)
This holds by construction; look at the unique place where CDictCan is
built (in TcCanonical).
In contrast, the type of the evidence *term* (ctev_dest / ctev_evar) in
the evidence may *not* be fully zonked; we are careful not to look at it
during constraint solving. See Note [Evidence field of CtEvidence].
Note [Ct kind invariant]
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
CTyEqCan and CFunEqCan both require that the kind of the lhs matches the kind
of the rhs. This is necessary because both constraints are used for substitutions
during solving. If the kinds differed, then the substitution would take a well-kinded
type to an ill-kinded one.
Note [Almost function-free]
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
A type is *almost function-free* if it has no type functions (something that
responds True to isTypeFamilyTyCon), except (possibly)
* under a forall, or
* in a coercion (either in a CastTy or a CercionTy)
The RHS of a CTyEqCan must be almost function-free. This is for two reasons:
1. There cannot be a top-level function. If there were, the equality should
really be a CFunEqCan, not a CTyEqCan.
2. Nested functions aren't too bad, on the other hand. However, consider this
scenario:
type family F a = r | r -> a
[D] F ty1 ~ fsk1
[D] F ty2 ~ fsk2
[D] fsk1 ~ [G Int]
[D] fsk2 ~ [G Bool]
type instance G Int = Char
type instance G Bool = Char
If it was the case that fsk1 = fsk2, then we could unifty ty1 and ty2 --
good! They don't look equal -- but if we aggressively reduce that G Int and
G Bool they would become equal. The "almost function free" makes sure that
these redexes are exposed.
Note that this equality does *not* depend on casts or coercions, and so
skipping these forms is OK. In addition, the result of a type family cannot
be a polytype, so skipping foralls is OK, too. We skip foralls because we
want the output of the flattener to be almost function-free. See Note
[Flattening under a forall] in TcFlatten.
As I (Richard E) write this, it is unclear if the scenario pictured above
can happen -- I would expect the G Int and G Bool to be reduced. But
perhaps it can arise somehow, and maintaining almost function-free is cheap.
Historical note: CTyEqCans used to require only condition (1) above: that no
type family was at the top of an RHS. But work on #16512 suggested that the
injectivity checks were not complete, and adding the requirement that functions
do not appear even in a nested fashion was easy (it was already true, but
unenforced).
The almost-function-free property is checked by isAlmostFunctionFree in TcType.
The flattener (in TcFlatten) produces types that are almost function-free.
-}
mkNonCanonical :: CtEvidence -> Ct
mkNonCanonical ev = CNonCanonical { cc_ev = ev }
mkNonCanonicalCt :: Ct -> Ct
mkNonCanonicalCt ct = CNonCanonical { cc_ev = cc_ev ct }
mkIrredCt :: CtEvidence -> Ct
mkIrredCt ev = CIrredCan { cc_ev = ev, cc_insol = False }
mkInsolubleCt :: CtEvidence -> Ct
mkInsolubleCt ev = CIrredCan { cc_ev = ev, cc_insol = True }
mkGivens :: CtLoc -> [EvId] -> [Ct]
mkGivens loc ev_ids
= map mk ev_ids
where
mk ev_id = mkNonCanonical (CtGiven { ctev_evar = ev_id
, ctev_pred = evVarPred ev_id
, ctev_loc = loc })
ctEvidence :: Ct -> CtEvidence
ctEvidence (CQuantCan (QCI { qci_ev = ev })) = ev
ctEvidence ct = cc_ev ct
ctLoc :: Ct -> CtLoc
ctLoc = ctEvLoc . ctEvidence
setCtLoc :: Ct -> CtLoc -> Ct
setCtLoc ct loc = ct { cc_ev = (cc_ev ct) { ctev_loc = loc } }
ctOrigin :: Ct -> CtOrigin
ctOrigin = ctLocOrigin . ctLoc
ctPred :: Ct -> PredType
-- See Note [Ct/evidence invariant]
ctPred ct = ctEvPred (ctEvidence ct)
ctEvId :: Ct -> EvVar
-- The evidence Id for this Ct
ctEvId ct = ctEvEvId (ctEvidence ct)
-- | Makes a new equality predicate with the same role as the given
-- evidence.
mkTcEqPredLikeEv :: CtEvidence -> TcType -> TcType -> TcType
mkTcEqPredLikeEv ev
= case predTypeEqRel pred of
NomEq -> mkPrimEqPred
ReprEq -> mkReprPrimEqPred
where
pred = ctEvPred ev
-- | Get the flavour of the given 'Ct'
ctFlavour :: Ct -> CtFlavour
ctFlavour = ctEvFlavour . ctEvidence
-- | Get the equality relation for the given 'Ct'
ctEqRel :: Ct -> EqRel
ctEqRel = ctEvEqRel . ctEvidence
instance Outputable Ct where
ppr ct = ppr (ctEvidence ct) <+> parens pp_sort
where
pp_sort = case ct of
CTyEqCan {} -> text "CTyEqCan"
CFunEqCan {} -> text "CFunEqCan"
CNonCanonical {} -> text "CNonCanonical"
CDictCan { cc_pend_sc = pend_sc }
| pend_sc -> text "CDictCan(psc)"
| otherwise -> text "CDictCan"
CIrredCan { cc_insol = insol }
| insol -> text "CIrredCan(insol)"
| otherwise -> text "CIrredCan(sol)"
CHoleCan { cc_hole = hole } -> text "CHoleCan:" <+> ppr hole
CQuantCan (QCI { qci_pend_sc = pend_sc })
| pend_sc -> text "CQuantCan(psc)"
| otherwise -> text "CQuantCan"
{-
************************************************************************
* *
Simple functions over evidence variables
* *
************************************************************************
-}
---------------- Getting free tyvars -------------------------
-- | Returns free variables of constraints as a non-deterministic set
tyCoVarsOfCt :: Ct -> TcTyCoVarSet
tyCoVarsOfCt = fvVarSet . tyCoFVsOfCt
-- | Returns free variables of constraints as a deterministically ordered.
-- list. See Note [Deterministic FV] in FV.
tyCoVarsOfCtList :: Ct -> [TcTyCoVar]
tyCoVarsOfCtList = fvVarList . tyCoFVsOfCt
-- | Returns free variables of constraints as a composable FV computation.
-- See Note [Deterministic FV] in FV.
tyCoFVsOfCt :: Ct -> FV
tyCoFVsOfCt (CTyEqCan { cc_tyvar = tv, cc_rhs = xi })
= tyCoFVsOfType xi `unionFV` FV.unitFV tv
`unionFV` tyCoFVsOfType (tyVarKind tv)
tyCoFVsOfCt (CFunEqCan { cc_tyargs = tys, cc_fsk = fsk })
= tyCoFVsOfTypes tys `unionFV` FV.unitFV fsk
`unionFV` tyCoFVsOfType (tyVarKind fsk)
tyCoFVsOfCt (CDictCan { cc_tyargs = tys }) = tyCoFVsOfTypes tys
tyCoFVsOfCt ct = tyCoFVsOfType (ctPred ct)
-- | Returns free variables of a bag of constraints as a non-deterministic
-- set. See Note [Deterministic FV] in FV.
tyCoVarsOfCts :: Cts -> TcTyCoVarSet
tyCoVarsOfCts = fvVarSet . tyCoFVsOfCts
-- | Returns free variables of a bag of constraints as a deterministically
-- odered list. See Note [Deterministic FV] in FV.
tyCoVarsOfCtsList :: Cts -> [TcTyCoVar]
tyCoVarsOfCtsList = fvVarList . tyCoFVsOfCts
-- | Returns free variables of a bag of constraints as a composable FV
-- computation. See Note [Deterministic FV] in FV.
tyCoFVsOfCts :: Cts -> FV
tyCoFVsOfCts = foldr (unionFV . tyCoFVsOfCt) emptyFV
-- | Returns free variables of WantedConstraints as a non-deterministic
-- set. See Note [Deterministic FV] in FV.
tyCoVarsOfWC :: WantedConstraints -> TyCoVarSet
-- Only called on *zonked* things, hence no need to worry about flatten-skolems
tyCoVarsOfWC = fvVarSet . tyCoFVsOfWC
-- | Returns free variables of WantedConstraints as a deterministically
-- ordered list. See Note [Deterministic FV] in FV.
tyCoVarsOfWCList :: WantedConstraints -> [TyCoVar]
-- Only called on *zonked* things, hence no need to worry about flatten-skolems
tyCoVarsOfWCList = fvVarList . tyCoFVsOfWC
-- | Returns free variables of WantedConstraints as a composable FV
-- computation. See Note [Deterministic FV] in FV.
tyCoFVsOfWC :: WantedConstraints -> FV
-- Only called on *zonked* things, hence no need to worry about flatten-skolems
tyCoFVsOfWC (WC { wc_simple = simple, wc_impl = implic })
= tyCoFVsOfCts simple `unionFV`
tyCoFVsOfBag tyCoFVsOfImplic implic
-- | Returns free variables of Implication as a composable FV computation.
-- See Note [Deterministic FV] in FV.
tyCoFVsOfImplic :: Implication -> FV
-- Only called on *zonked* things, hence no need to worry about flatten-skolems
tyCoFVsOfImplic (Implic { ic_skols = skols
, ic_given = givens
, ic_wanted = wanted })
| isEmptyWC wanted
= emptyFV
| otherwise
= tyCoFVsVarBndrs skols $
tyCoFVsVarBndrs givens $
tyCoFVsOfWC wanted
tyCoFVsOfBag :: (a -> FV) -> Bag a -> FV
tyCoFVsOfBag tvs_of = foldr (unionFV . tvs_of) emptyFV
---------------------------
dropDerivedWC :: WantedConstraints -> WantedConstraints
-- See Note [Dropping derived constraints]
dropDerivedWC wc@(WC { wc_simple = simples })
= wc { wc_simple = dropDerivedSimples simples }
-- The wc_impl implications are already (recursively) filtered
--------------------------
dropDerivedSimples :: Cts -> Cts
-- Drop all Derived constraints, but make [W] back into [WD],
-- so that if we re-simplify these constraints we will get all
-- the right derived constraints re-generated. Forgetting this
-- step led to #12936
dropDerivedSimples simples = mapMaybeBag dropDerivedCt simples
dropDerivedCt :: Ct -> Maybe Ct
dropDerivedCt ct
= case ctEvFlavour ev of
Wanted WOnly -> Just (ct' { cc_ev = ev_wd })
Wanted _ -> Just ct'
_ | isDroppableCt ct -> Nothing
| otherwise -> Just ct
where
ev = ctEvidence ct
ev_wd = ev { ctev_nosh = WDeriv }
ct' = setPendingScDict ct -- See Note [Resetting cc_pend_sc]
{- Note [Resetting cc_pend_sc]
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
When we discard Derived constraints, in dropDerivedSimples, we must
set the cc_pend_sc flag to True, so that if we re-process this
CDictCan we will re-generate its derived superclasses. Otherwise
we might miss some fundeps. #13662 showed this up.
See Note [The superclass story] in TcCanonical.
-}
isDroppableCt :: Ct -> Bool
isDroppableCt ct
= isDerived ev && not keep_deriv
-- Drop only derived constraints, and then only if they
-- obey Note [Dropping derived constraints]
where
ev = ctEvidence ct
loc = ctEvLoc ev
orig = ctLocOrigin loc
keep_deriv
= case ct of
CHoleCan {} -> True
CIrredCan { cc_insol = insoluble }
-> keep_eq insoluble
_ -> keep_eq False
keep_eq definitely_insoluble
| isGivenOrigin orig -- Arising only from givens
= definitely_insoluble -- Keep only definitely insoluble
| otherwise
= case orig of
KindEqOrigin {} -> True -- See Note [Dropping derived constraints]
-- See Note [Dropping derived constraints]
-- For fundeps, drop wanted/wanted interactions
FunDepOrigin2 {} -> True -- Top-level/Wanted
FunDepOrigin1 _ orig1 _ _ orig2 _
| g1 || g2 -> True -- Given/Wanted errors: keep all
| otherwise -> False -- Wanted/Wanted errors: discard
where
g1 = isGivenOrigin orig1
g2 = isGivenOrigin orig2
_ -> False
arisesFromGivens :: Ct -> Bool
arisesFromGivens ct
= case ctEvidence ct of
CtGiven {} -> True
CtWanted {} -> False
CtDerived { ctev_loc = loc } -> isGivenLoc loc
isGivenLoc :: CtLoc -> Bool
isGivenLoc loc = isGivenOrigin (ctLocOrigin loc)
{- Note [Dropping derived constraints]
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
In general we discard derived constraints at the end of constraint solving;
see dropDerivedWC. For example
* Superclasses: if we have an unsolved [W] (Ord a), we don't want to
complain about an unsolved [D] (Eq a) as well.
* If we have [W] a ~ Int, [W] a ~ Bool, improvement will generate
[D] Int ~ Bool, and we don't want to report that because it's
incomprehensible. That is why we don't rewrite wanteds with wanteds!
* We might float out some Wanteds from an implication, leaving behind
their insoluble Deriveds. For example:
forall a[2]. [W] alpha[1] ~ Int
[W] alpha[1] ~ Bool
[D] Int ~ Bool
The Derived is insoluble, but we very much want to drop it when floating
out.
But (tiresomely) we do keep *some* Derived constraints:
* Type holes are derived constraints, because they have no evidence
and we want to keep them, so we get the error report
* Insoluble kind equalities (e.g. [D] * ~ (* -> *)), with
KindEqOrigin, may arise from a type equality a ~ Int#, say. See
Note [Equalities with incompatible kinds] in TcCanonical.
Keeping these around produces better error messages, in practice.
E.g., test case dependent/should_fail/T11471
* We keep most derived equalities arising from functional dependencies
- Given/Given interactions (subset of FunDepOrigin1):
The definitely-insoluble ones reflect unreachable code.
Others not-definitely-insoluble ones like [D] a ~ Int do not
reflect unreachable code; indeed if fundeps generated proofs, it'd
be a useful equality. See #14763. So we discard them.
- Given/Wanted interacGiven or Wanted interacting with an
instance declaration (FunDepOrigin2)
- Given/Wanted interactions (FunDepOrigin1); see #9612
- But for Wanted/Wanted interactions we do /not/ want to report an
error (#13506). Consider [W] C Int Int, [W] C Int Bool, with
a fundep on class C. We don't want to report an insoluble Int~Bool;
c.f. "wanteds do not rewrite wanteds".
To distinguish these cases we use the CtOrigin.
NB: we keep *all* derived insolubles under some circumstances:
* They are looked at by simplifyInfer, to decide whether to
generalise. Example: [W] a ~ Int, [W] a ~ Bool
We get [D] Int ~ Bool, and indeed the constraints are insoluble,
and we want simplifyInfer to see that, even though we don't
ultimately want to generate an (inexplicable) error message from it
************************************************************************
* *
CtEvidence
The "flavor" of a canonical constraint
* *
************************************************************************
-}
isWantedCt :: Ct -> Bool
isWantedCt = isWanted . ctEvidence
isGivenCt :: Ct -> Bool
isGivenCt = isGiven . ctEvidence
isDerivedCt :: Ct -> Bool
isDerivedCt = isDerived . ctEvidence
isCTyEqCan :: Ct -> Bool
isCTyEqCan (CTyEqCan {}) = True
isCTyEqCan (CFunEqCan {}) = False
isCTyEqCan _ = False
isCDictCan_Maybe :: Ct -> Maybe Class
isCDictCan_Maybe (CDictCan {cc_class = cls }) = Just cls
isCDictCan_Maybe _ = Nothing
isCFunEqCan_maybe :: Ct -> Maybe (TyCon, [Type])
isCFunEqCan_maybe (CFunEqCan { cc_fun = tc, cc_tyargs = xis }) = Just (tc, xis)
isCFunEqCan_maybe _ = Nothing
isCFunEqCan :: Ct -> Bool
isCFunEqCan (CFunEqCan {}) = True
isCFunEqCan _ = False
isCNonCanonical :: Ct -> Bool
isCNonCanonical (CNonCanonical {}) = True
isCNonCanonical _ = False
isHoleCt:: Ct -> Bool
isHoleCt (CHoleCan {}) = True
isHoleCt _ = False
isOutOfScopeCt :: Ct -> Bool
-- We treat expression holes representing out-of-scope variables a bit
-- differently when it comes to error reporting
isOutOfScopeCt (CHoleCan { cc_hole = ExprHole (OutOfScope {}) }) = True
isOutOfScopeCt _ = False
isExprHoleCt :: Ct -> Bool
isExprHoleCt (CHoleCan { cc_hole = ExprHole {} }) = True
isExprHoleCt _ = False
isTypeHoleCt :: Ct -> Bool
isTypeHoleCt (CHoleCan { cc_hole = TypeHole {} }) = True
isTypeHoleCt _ = False
{- Note [Custom type errors in constraints]
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
When GHC reports a type-error about an unsolved-constraint, we check
to see if the constraint contains any custom-type errors, and if so
we report them. Here are some examples of constraints containing type
errors:
TypeError msg -- The actual constraint is a type error
TypError msg ~ Int -- Some type was supposed to be Int, but ended up
-- being a type error instead
Eq (TypeError msg) -- A class constraint is stuck due to a type error
F (TypeError msg) ~ a -- A type function failed to evaluate due to a type err
It is also possible to have constraints where the type error is nested deeper,
for example see #11990, and also:
Eq (F (TypeError msg)) -- Here the type error is nested under a type-function
-- call, which failed to evaluate because of it,
-- and so the `Eq` constraint was unsolved.
-- This may happen when one function calls another
-- and the called function produced a custom type error.
-}
-- | A constraint is considered to be a custom type error, if it contains
-- custom type errors anywhere in it.
-- See Note [Custom type errors in constraints]
getUserTypeErrorMsg :: Ct -> Maybe Type
getUserTypeErrorMsg ct = findUserTypeError (ctPred ct)
where
findUserTypeError t = msum ( userTypeError_maybe t
: map findUserTypeError (subTys t)
)
subTys t = case splitAppTys t of
(t,[]) ->
case splitTyConApp_maybe t of
Nothing -> []
Just (_,ts) -> ts
(t,ts) -> t : ts
isUserTypeErrorCt :: Ct -> Bool
isUserTypeErrorCt ct = case getUserTypeErrorMsg ct of
Just _ -> True
_ -> False
isPendingScDict :: Ct -> Maybe Ct
-- Says whether this is a CDictCan with cc_pend_sc is True,
-- AND if so flips the flag
isPendingScDict ct@(CDictCan { cc_pend_sc = True })
= Just (ct { cc_pend_sc = False })
isPendingScDict _ = Nothing
isPendingScInst :: QCInst -> Maybe QCInst
-- Same as isPrendinScDict, but for QCInsts
isPendingScInst qci@(QCI { qci_pend_sc = True })
= Just (qci { qci_pend_sc = False })
isPendingScInst _ = Nothing
setPendingScDict :: Ct -> Ct
-- Set the cc_pend_sc flag to True
setPendingScDict ct@(CDictCan { cc_pend_sc = False })
= ct { cc_pend_sc = True }
setPendingScDict ct = ct
superClassesMightHelp :: WantedConstraints -> Bool
-- ^ True if taking superclasses of givens, or of wanteds (to perhaps
-- expose more equalities or functional dependencies) might help to
-- solve this constraint. See Note [When superclasses help]
superClassesMightHelp (WC { wc_simple = simples, wc_impl = implics })
= anyBag might_help_ct simples || anyBag might_help_implic implics
where
might_help_implic ic
| IC_Unsolved <- ic_status ic = superClassesMightHelp (ic_wanted ic)
| otherwise = False
might_help_ct ct = isWantedCt ct && not (is_ip ct)
is_ip (CDictCan { cc_class = cls }) = isIPClass cls
is_ip _ = False
getPendingWantedScs :: Cts -> ([Ct], Cts)
getPendingWantedScs simples
= mapAccumBagL get [] simples
where
get acc ct | Just ct' <- isPendingScDict ct
= (ct':acc, ct')
| otherwise
= (acc, ct)
{- Note [When superclasses help]
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
First read Note [The superclass story] in TcCanonical.
We expand superclasses and iterate only if there is at unsolved wanted
for which expansion of superclasses (e.g. from given constraints)
might actually help. The function superClassesMightHelp tells if
doing this superclass expansion might help solve this constraint.
Note that
* We look inside implications; maybe it'll help to expand the Givens
at level 2 to help solve an unsolved Wanted buried inside an
implication. E.g.
forall a. Ord a => forall b. [W] Eq a
* Superclasses help only for Wanted constraints. Derived constraints
are not really "unsolved" and we certainly don't want them to
trigger superclass expansion. This was a good part of the loop
in #11523
* Even for Wanted constraints, we say "no" for implicit parameters.
we have [W] ?x::ty, expanding superclasses won't help:
- Superclasses can't be implicit parameters
- If we have a [G] ?x:ty2, then we'll have another unsolved
[D] ty ~ ty2 (from the functional dependency)
which will trigger superclass expansion.
It's a bit of a special case, but it's easy to do. The runtime cost
is low because the unsolved set is usually empty anyway (errors
aside), and the first non-imlicit-parameter will terminate the search.
The special case is worth it (#11480, comment:2) because it
applies to CallStack constraints, which aren't type errors. If we have
f :: (C a) => blah
f x = ...undefined...
we'll get a CallStack constraint. If that's the only unsolved
constraint it'll eventually be solved by defaulting. So we don't
want to emit warnings about hitting the simplifier's iteration
limit. A CallStack constraint really isn't an unsolved
constraint; it can always be solved by defaulting.
-}
singleCt :: Ct -> Cts
singleCt = unitBag
andCts :: Cts -> Cts -> Cts
andCts = unionBags
listToCts :: [Ct] -> Cts
listToCts = listToBag
ctsElts :: Cts -> [Ct]
ctsElts = bagToList
consCts :: Ct -> Cts -> Cts
consCts = consBag
snocCts :: Cts -> Ct -> Cts
snocCts = snocBag
extendCtsList :: Cts -> [Ct] -> Cts
extendCtsList cts xs | null xs = cts
| otherwise = cts `unionBags` listToBag xs
andManyCts :: [Cts] -> Cts
andManyCts = unionManyBags
emptyCts :: Cts
emptyCts = emptyBag
isEmptyCts :: Cts -> Bool
isEmptyCts = isEmptyBag
pprCts :: Cts -> SDoc
pprCts cts = vcat (map ppr (bagToList cts))
{-
************************************************************************
* *
Wanted constraints
These are forced to be in TcRnTypes because
TcLclEnv mentions WantedConstraints
WantedConstraint mentions CtLoc
CtLoc mentions ErrCtxt
ErrCtxt mentions TcM
* *
v%************************************************************************
-}
data WantedConstraints
= WC { wc_simple :: Cts -- Unsolved constraints, all wanted
, wc_impl :: Bag Implication
}
emptyWC :: WantedConstraints
emptyWC = WC { wc_simple = emptyBag, wc_impl = emptyBag }
mkSimpleWC :: [CtEvidence] -> WantedConstraints
mkSimpleWC cts
= WC { wc_simple = listToBag (map mkNonCanonical cts)
, wc_impl = emptyBag }
mkImplicWC :: Bag Implication -> WantedConstraints
mkImplicWC implic
= WC { wc_simple = emptyBag, wc_impl = implic }
isEmptyWC :: WantedConstraints -> Bool
isEmptyWC (WC { wc_simple = f, wc_impl = i })
= isEmptyBag f && isEmptyBag i
-- | Checks whether a the given wanted constraints are solved, i.e.
-- that there are no simple constraints left and all the implications
-- are solved.
isSolvedWC :: WantedConstraints -> Bool
isSolvedWC WC {wc_simple = wc_simple, wc_impl = wc_impl} =
isEmptyBag wc_simple && allBag (isSolvedStatus . ic_status) wc_impl
andWC :: WantedConstraints -> WantedConstraints -> WantedConstraints
andWC (WC { wc_simple = f1, wc_impl = i1 })
(WC { wc_simple = f2, wc_impl = i2 })
= WC { wc_simple = f1 `unionBags` f2
, wc_impl = i1 `unionBags` i2 }
unionsWC :: [WantedConstraints] -> WantedConstraints
unionsWC = foldr andWC emptyWC
addSimples :: WantedConstraints -> Bag Ct -> WantedConstraints
addSimples wc cts
= wc { wc_simple = wc_simple wc `unionBags` cts }
-- Consider: Put the new constraints at the front, so they get solved first
addImplics :: WantedConstraints -> Bag Implication -> WantedConstraints
addImplics wc implic = wc { wc_impl = wc_impl wc `unionBags` implic }
addInsols :: WantedConstraints -> Bag Ct -> WantedConstraints
addInsols wc cts
= wc { wc_simple = wc_simple wc `unionBags` cts }
insolublesOnly :: WantedConstraints -> WantedConstraints
-- Keep only the definitely-insoluble constraints
insolublesOnly (WC { wc_simple = simples, wc_impl = implics })
= WC { wc_simple = filterBag insolubleCt simples
, wc_impl = mapBag implic_insols_only implics }
where
implic_insols_only implic
= implic { ic_wanted = insolublesOnly (ic_wanted implic) }
isSolvedStatus :: ImplicStatus -> Bool
isSolvedStatus (IC_Solved {}) = True
isSolvedStatus _ = False
isInsolubleStatus :: ImplicStatus -> Bool
isInsolubleStatus IC_Insoluble = True
isInsolubleStatus IC_BadTelescope = True
isInsolubleStatus _ = False
insolubleImplic :: Implication -> Bool
insolubleImplic ic = isInsolubleStatus (ic_status ic)
insolubleWC :: WantedConstraints -> Bool
insolubleWC (WC { wc_impl = implics, wc_simple = simples })
= anyBag insolubleCt simples
|| anyBag insolubleImplic implics
insolubleCt :: Ct -> Bool
-- Definitely insoluble, in particular /excluding/ type-hole constraints
-- Namely: a) an equality constraint
-- b) that is insoluble
-- c) and does not arise from a Given
insolubleCt ct
| isHoleCt ct = isOutOfScopeCt ct -- See Note [Insoluble holes]
| not (insolubleEqCt ct) = False
| arisesFromGivens ct = False -- See Note [Given insolubles]
| otherwise = True
insolubleEqCt :: Ct -> Bool
-- Returns True of /equality/ constraints
-- that are /definitely/ insoluble
-- It won't detect some definite errors like
-- F a ~ T (F a)
-- where F is a type family, which actually has an occurs check
--
-- The function is tuned for application /after/ constraint solving
-- i.e. assuming canonicalisation has been done
-- E.g. It'll reply True for a ~ [a]
-- but False for [a] ~ a
-- and
-- True for Int ~ F a Int
-- but False for Maybe Int ~ F a Int Int
-- (where F is an arity-1 type function)
insolubleEqCt (CIrredCan { cc_insol = insol }) = insol
insolubleEqCt _ = False
instance Outputable WantedConstraints where
ppr (WC {wc_simple = s, wc_impl = i})
= text "WC" <+> braces (vcat
[ ppr_bag (text "wc_simple") s
, ppr_bag (text "wc_impl") i ])
ppr_bag :: Outputable a => SDoc -> Bag a -> SDoc
ppr_bag doc bag
| isEmptyBag bag = empty
| otherwise = hang (doc <+> equals)
2 (foldr (($$) . ppr) empty bag)
{- Note [Given insolubles]
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Consider (#14325, comment:)
class (a~b) => C a b
foo :: C a c => a -> c
foo x = x
hm3 :: C (f b) b => b -> f b
hm3 x = foo x
In the RHS of hm3, from the [G] C (f b) b we get the insoluble
[G] f b ~# b. Then we also get an unsolved [W] C b (f b).
Residual implication looks like
forall b. C (f b) b => [G] f b ~# b
[W] C f (f b)
We do /not/ want to set the implication status to IC_Insoluble,
because that'll suppress reports of [W] C b (f b). But we
may not report the insoluble [G] f b ~# b either (see Note [Given errors]
in TcErrors), so we may fail to report anything at all! Yikes.
The same applies to Derived constraints that /arise from/ Givens.
E.g. f :: (C Int [a]) => blah
where a fundep means we get
[D] Int ~ [a]
By the same reasoning we must not suppress other errors (#15767)
Bottom line: insolubleWC (called in TcSimplify.setImplicationStatus)
should ignore givens even if they are insoluble.
Note [Insoluble holes]
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Hole constraints that ARE NOT treated as truly insoluble:
a) type holes, arising from PartialTypeSignatures,
b) "true" expression holes arising from TypedHoles
An "expression hole" or "type hole" constraint isn't really an error
at all; it's a report saying "_ :: Int" here. But an out-of-scope
variable masquerading as expression holes IS treated as truly
insoluble, so that it trumps other errors during error reporting.
Yuk!
************************************************************************
* *
Implication constraints
* *
************************************************************************
-}
data Implication
= Implic { -- Invariants for a tree of implications:
-- see TcType Note [TcLevel and untouchable type variables]
ic_tclvl :: TcLevel, -- TcLevel of unification variables
-- allocated /inside/ this implication
ic_skols :: [TcTyVar], -- Introduced skolems
ic_info :: SkolemInfo, -- See Note [Skolems in an implication]
-- See Note [Shadowing in a constraint]
ic_telescope :: Maybe SDoc, -- User-written telescope, if there is one
-- See Note [Checking telescopes]
ic_given :: [EvVar], -- Given evidence variables
-- (order does not matter)
-- See Invariant (GivenInv) in TcType
ic_no_eqs :: Bool, -- True <=> ic_givens have no equalities, for sure
-- False <=> ic_givens might have equalities
ic_warn_inaccessible :: Bool,
-- True <=> -Winaccessible-code is enabled
-- at construction. See
-- Note [Avoid -Winaccessible-code when deriving]
-- in TcInstDcls
ic_env :: TcLclEnv,
-- Records the TcLClEnv at the time of creation.
--
-- The TcLclEnv gives the source location
-- and error context for the implication, and
-- hence for all the given evidence variables.
ic_wanted :: WantedConstraints, -- The wanteds
-- See Invariang (WantedInf) in TcType
ic_binds :: EvBindsVar, -- Points to the place to fill in the
-- abstraction and bindings.
-- The ic_need fields keep track of which Given evidence
-- is used by this implication or its children
-- NB: including stuff used by nested implications that have since
-- been discarded
-- See Note [Needed evidence variables]
ic_need_inner :: VarSet, -- Includes all used Given evidence
ic_need_outer :: VarSet, -- Includes only the free Given evidence
-- i.e. ic_need_inner after deleting
-- (a) givens (b) binders of ic_binds
ic_status :: ImplicStatus
}
implicationPrototype :: Implication
implicationPrototype
= Implic { -- These fields must be initialised
ic_tclvl = panic "newImplic:tclvl"
, ic_binds = panic "newImplic:binds"
, ic_info = panic "newImplic:info"
, ic_env = panic "newImplic:env"
, ic_warn_inaccessible = panic "newImplic:warn_inaccessible"
-- The rest have sensible default values
, ic_skols = []
, ic_telescope = Nothing
, ic_given = []
, ic_wanted = emptyWC
, ic_no_eqs = False
, ic_status = IC_Unsolved
, ic_need_inner = emptyVarSet
, ic_need_outer = emptyVarSet }
data ImplicStatus
= IC_Solved -- All wanteds in the tree are solved, all the way down
{ ics_dead :: [EvVar] } -- Subset of ic_given that are not needed
-- See Note [Tracking redundant constraints] in TcSimplify
| IC_Insoluble -- At least one insoluble constraint in the tree
| IC_BadTelescope -- solved, but the skolems in the telescope are out of
-- dependency order
| IC_Unsolved -- Neither of the above; might go either way
instance Outputable Implication where
ppr (Implic { ic_tclvl = tclvl, ic_skols = skols
, ic_given = given, ic_no_eqs = no_eqs
, ic_wanted = wanted, ic_status = status
, ic_binds = binds
, ic_need_inner = need_in, ic_need_outer = need_out
, ic_info = info })
= hang (text "Implic" <+> lbrace)
2 (sep [ text "TcLevel =" <+> ppr tclvl
, text "Skolems =" <+> pprTyVars skols
, text "No-eqs =" <+> ppr no_eqs
, text "Status =" <+> ppr status
, hang (text "Given =") 2 (pprEvVars given)
, hang (text "Wanted =") 2 (ppr wanted)
, text "Binds =" <+> ppr binds
, whenPprDebug (text "Needed inner =" <+> ppr need_in)
, whenPprDebug (text "Needed outer =" <+> ppr need_out)
, pprSkolInfo info ] <+> rbrace)
instance Outputable ImplicStatus where
ppr IC_Insoluble = text "Insoluble"
ppr IC_BadTelescope = text "Bad telescope"
ppr IC_Unsolved = text "Unsolved"
ppr (IC_Solved { ics_dead = dead })
= text "Solved" <+> (braces (text "Dead givens =" <+> ppr dead))
{- Note [Checking telescopes]
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
When kind-checking a /user-written/ type, we might have a "bad telescope"
like this one:
data SameKind :: forall k. k -> k -> Type
type Foo :: forall a k (b :: k). SameKind a b -> Type
The kind of 'a' mentions 'k' which is bound after 'a'. Oops.
Knowing this means that unification etc must have happened, so it's
convenient to detect it in the constraint solver:
* We make a single implication constraint when kind-checking
the 'forall' in Foo's kind, something like
forall a k (b::k). { wanted constraints }
* Having solved {wanted}, before discarding the now-solved implication,
the costraint solver checks the dependency order of the skolem
variables (ic_skols). This is done in setImplicationStatus.
* This check is only necessary if the implication was born from a
user-written signature. If, say, it comes from checking a pattern
match that binds existentials, where the type of the data constructor
is known to be valid (it in tcConPat), no need for the check.
So the check is done if and only if ic_telescope is (Just blah).
* If ic_telesope is (Just d), the d::SDoc displays the original,
user-written type variables.
* Be careful /NOT/ to discard an implication with non-Nothing
ic_telescope, even if ic_wanted is empty. We must give the
constraint solver a chance to make that bad-telesope test! Hence
the extra guard in emitResidualTvConstraint; see #16247
See also TcHsType Note [Keeping scoped variables in order: Explicit]
Note [Needed evidence variables]
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Th ic_need_evs field holds the free vars of ic_binds, and all the
ic_binds in nested implications.
* Main purpose: if one of the ic_givens is not mentioned in here, it
is redundant.
* solveImplication may drop an implication altogether if it has no
remaining 'wanteds'. But we still track the free vars of its
evidence binds, even though it has now disappeared.
Note [Shadowing in a constraint]
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
We assume NO SHADOWING in a constraint. Specifically
* The unification variables are all implicitly quantified at top
level, and are all unique
* The skolem variables bound in ic_skols are all freah when the
implication is created.
So we can safely substitute. For example, if we have
forall a. a~Int => ...(forall b. ...a...)...
we can push the (a~Int) constraint inwards in the "givens" without
worrying that 'b' might clash.
Note [Skolems in an implication]
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
The skolems in an implication are not there to perform a skolem escape
check. That happens because all the environment variables are in the
untouchables, and therefore cannot be unified with anything at all,
let alone the skolems.
Instead, ic_skols is used only when considering floating a constraint
outside the implication in TcSimplify.floatEqualities or
TcSimplify.approximateImplications
Note [Insoluble constraints]
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Some of the errors that we get during canonicalization are best
reported when all constraints have been simplified as much as
possible. For instance, assume that during simplification the
following constraints arise:
[Wanted] F alpha ~ uf1
[Wanted] beta ~ uf1 beta
When canonicalizing the wanted (beta ~ uf1 beta), if we eagerly fail
we will simply see a message:
'Can't construct the infinite type beta ~ uf1 beta'
and the user has no idea what the uf1 variable is.
Instead our plan is that we will NOT fail immediately, but:
(1) Record the "frozen" error in the ic_insols field
(2) Isolate the offending constraint from the rest of the inerts
(3) Keep on simplifying/canonicalizing
At the end, we will hopefully have substituted uf1 := F alpha, and we
will be able to report a more informative error:
'Can't construct the infinite type beta ~ F alpha beta'
Insoluble constraints *do* include Derived constraints. For example,
a functional dependency might give rise to [D] Int ~ Bool, and we must
report that. If insolubles did not contain Deriveds, reportErrors would
never see it.
************************************************************************
* *
Pretty printing
* *
************************************************************************
-}
pprEvVars :: [EvVar] -> SDoc -- Print with their types
pprEvVars ev_vars = vcat (map pprEvVarWithType ev_vars)
pprEvVarTheta :: [EvVar] -> SDoc
pprEvVarTheta ev_vars = pprTheta (map evVarPred ev_vars)
pprEvVarWithType :: EvVar -> SDoc
pprEvVarWithType v = ppr v <+> dcolon <+> pprType (evVarPred v)
-- | Wraps the given type with the constraints (via ic_given) in the given
-- implication, according to the variables mentioned (via ic_skols)
-- in the implication, but taking care to only wrap those variables
-- that are mentioned in the type or the implication.
wrapTypeWithImplication :: Type -> Implication -> Type
wrapTypeWithImplication ty impl = wrapType ty mentioned_skols givens
where givens = map idType $ ic_given impl
skols = ic_skols impl
freeVars = fvVarSet $ tyCoFVsOfTypes (ty:givens)
mentioned_skols = filter (`elemVarSet` freeVars) skols
wrapType :: Type -> [TyVar] -> [PredType] -> Type
wrapType ty skols givens = mkSpecForAllTys skols $ mkPhiTy givens ty
{-
************************************************************************
* *
CtEvidence
* *
************************************************************************
Note [Evidence field of CtEvidence]
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
During constraint solving we never look at the type of ctev_evar/ctev_dest;
instead we look at the ctev_pred field. The evtm/evar field
may be un-zonked.
Note [Bind new Givens immediately]
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
For Givens we make new EvVars and bind them immediately. Two main reasons:
* Gain sharing. E.g. suppose we start with g :: C a b, where
class D a => C a b
class (E a, F a) => D a
If we generate all g's superclasses as separate EvTerms we might
get selD1 (selC1 g) :: E a
selD2 (selC1 g) :: F a
selC1 g :: D a
which we could do more economically as:
g1 :: D a = selC1 g
g2 :: E a = selD1 g1
g3 :: F a = selD2 g1
* For *coercion* evidence we *must* bind each given:
class (a~b) => C a b where ....
f :: C a b => ....
Then in f's Givens we have g:(C a b) and the superclass sc(g,0):a~b.
But that superclass selector can't (yet) appear in a coercion
(see evTermCoercion), so the easy thing is to bind it to an Id.
So a Given has EvVar inside it rather than (as previously) an EvTerm.
-}
-- | A place for type-checking evidence to go after it is generated.
-- Wanted equalities are always HoleDest; other wanteds are always
-- EvVarDest.
data TcEvDest
= EvVarDest EvVar -- ^ bind this var to the evidence
-- EvVarDest is always used for non-type-equalities
-- e.g. class constraints
| HoleDest CoercionHole -- ^ fill in this hole with the evidence
-- HoleDest is always used for type-equalities
-- See Note [Coercion holes] in TyCoRep
data CtEvidence
= CtGiven -- Truly given, not depending on subgoals
{ ctev_pred :: TcPredType -- See Note [Ct/evidence invariant]
, ctev_evar :: EvVar -- See Note [Evidence field of CtEvidence]
, ctev_loc :: CtLoc }
| CtWanted -- Wanted goal
{ ctev_pred :: TcPredType -- See Note [Ct/evidence invariant]
, ctev_dest :: TcEvDest
, ctev_nosh :: ShadowInfo -- See Note [Constraint flavours]
, ctev_loc :: CtLoc }
| CtDerived -- A goal that we don't really have to solve and can't
-- immediately rewrite anything other than a derived
-- (there's no evidence!) but if we do manage to solve
-- it may help in solving other goals.
{ ctev_pred :: TcPredType
, ctev_loc :: CtLoc }
ctEvPred :: CtEvidence -> TcPredType
-- The predicate of a flavor
ctEvPred = ctev_pred
ctEvLoc :: CtEvidence -> CtLoc
ctEvLoc = ctev_loc
ctEvOrigin :: CtEvidence -> CtOrigin
ctEvOrigin = ctLocOrigin . ctEvLoc
-- | Get the equality relation relevant for a 'CtEvidence'
ctEvEqRel :: CtEvidence -> EqRel
ctEvEqRel = predTypeEqRel . ctEvPred
-- | Get the role relevant for a 'CtEvidence'
ctEvRole :: CtEvidence -> Role
ctEvRole = eqRelRole . ctEvEqRel
ctEvTerm :: CtEvidence -> EvTerm
ctEvTerm ev = EvExpr (ctEvExpr ev)
ctEvExpr :: CtEvidence -> EvExpr
ctEvExpr ev@(CtWanted { ctev_dest = HoleDest _ })
= Coercion $ ctEvCoercion ev
ctEvExpr ev = evId (ctEvEvId ev)
ctEvCoercion :: HasDebugCallStack => CtEvidence -> TcCoercion
ctEvCoercion (CtGiven { ctev_evar = ev_id })
= mkTcCoVarCo ev_id
ctEvCoercion (CtWanted { ctev_dest = dest })
| HoleDest hole <- dest
= -- ctEvCoercion is only called on type equalities
-- and they always have HoleDests
mkHoleCo hole
ctEvCoercion ev
= pprPanic "ctEvCoercion" (ppr ev)
ctEvEvId :: CtEvidence -> EvVar
ctEvEvId (CtWanted { ctev_dest = EvVarDest ev }) = ev
ctEvEvId (CtWanted { ctev_dest = HoleDest h }) = coHoleCoVar h
ctEvEvId (CtGiven { ctev_evar = ev }) = ev
ctEvEvId ctev@(CtDerived {}) = pprPanic "ctEvId:" (ppr ctev)
instance Outputable TcEvDest where
ppr (HoleDest h) = text "hole" <> ppr h
ppr (EvVarDest ev) = ppr ev
instance Outputable CtEvidence where
ppr ev = ppr (ctEvFlavour ev)
<+> pp_ev
<+> braces (ppr (ctl_depth (ctEvLoc ev))) <> dcolon
-- Show the sub-goal depth too
<+> ppr (ctEvPred ev)
where
pp_ev = case ev of
CtGiven { ctev_evar = v } -> ppr v
CtWanted {ctev_dest = d } -> ppr d
CtDerived {} -> text "_"
isWanted :: CtEvidence -> Bool
isWanted (CtWanted {}) = True
isWanted _ = False
isGiven :: CtEvidence -> Bool
isGiven (CtGiven {}) = True
isGiven _ = False
isDerived :: CtEvidence -> Bool
isDerived (CtDerived {}) = True
isDerived _ = False
{-
%************************************************************************
%* *
CtFlavour
%* *
%************************************************************************
Note [Constraint flavours]
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Constraints come in four flavours:
* [G] Given: we have evidence
* [W] Wanted WOnly: we want evidence
* [D] Derived: any solution must satisfy this constraint, but
we don't need evidence for it. Examples include:
- superclasses of [W] class constraints
- equalities arising from functional dependencies
or injectivity
* [WD] Wanted WDeriv: a single constraint that represents
both [W] and [D]
We keep them paired as one both for efficiency, and because
when we have a finite map F tys -> CFunEqCan, it's inconvenient
to have two CFunEqCans in the range
The ctev_nosh field of a Wanted distinguishes between [W] and [WD]
Wanted constraints are born as [WD], but are split into [W] and its
"shadow" [D] in TcSMonad.maybeEmitShadow.
See Note [The improvement story and derived shadows] in TcSMonad
-}
data CtFlavour -- See Note [Constraint flavours]
= Given
| Wanted ShadowInfo
| Derived
deriving Eq
data ShadowInfo
= WDeriv -- [WD] This Wanted constraint has no Derived shadow,
-- so it behaves like a pair of a Wanted and a Derived
| WOnly -- [W] It has a separate derived shadow
-- See Note [The improvement story and derived shadows] in TcSMonad
deriving( Eq )
isGivenOrWDeriv :: CtFlavour -> Bool
isGivenOrWDeriv Given = True
isGivenOrWDeriv (Wanted WDeriv) = True
isGivenOrWDeriv _ = False
instance Outputable CtFlavour where
ppr Given = text "[G]"
ppr (Wanted WDeriv) = text "[WD]"
ppr (Wanted WOnly) = text "[W]"
ppr Derived = text "[D]"
ctEvFlavour :: CtEvidence -> CtFlavour
ctEvFlavour (CtWanted { ctev_nosh = nosh }) = Wanted nosh
ctEvFlavour (CtGiven {}) = Given
ctEvFlavour (CtDerived {}) = Derived
-- | Whether or not one 'Ct' can rewrite another is determined by its
-- flavour and its equality relation. See also
-- Note [Flavours with roles] in TcSMonad
type CtFlavourRole = (CtFlavour, EqRel)
-- | Extract the flavour, role, and boxity from a 'CtEvidence'
ctEvFlavourRole :: CtEvidence -> CtFlavourRole
ctEvFlavourRole ev = (ctEvFlavour ev, ctEvEqRel ev)
-- | Extract the flavour and role from a 'Ct'
ctFlavourRole :: Ct -> CtFlavourRole
-- Uses short-cuts to role for special cases
ctFlavourRole (CDictCan { cc_ev = ev })
= (ctEvFlavour ev, NomEq)
ctFlavourRole (CTyEqCan { cc_ev = ev, cc_eq_rel = eq_rel })
= (ctEvFlavour ev, eq_rel)
ctFlavourRole (CFunEqCan { cc_ev = ev })
= (ctEvFlavour ev, NomEq)
ctFlavourRole (CHoleCan { cc_ev = ev })
= (ctEvFlavour ev, NomEq) -- NomEq: CHoleCans can be rewritten by
-- by nominal equalities but empahatically
-- not by representational equalities
ctFlavourRole ct
= ctEvFlavourRole (ctEvidence ct)
{- Note [eqCanRewrite]
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
(eqCanRewrite ct1 ct2) holds if the constraint ct1 (a CTyEqCan of form
tv ~ ty) can be used to rewrite ct2. It must satisfy the properties of
a can-rewrite relation, see Definition [Can-rewrite relation] in
TcSMonad.
With the solver handling Coercible constraints like equality constraints,
the rewrite conditions must take role into account, never allowing
a representational equality to rewrite a nominal one.
Note [Wanteds do not rewrite Wanteds]
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
We don't allow Wanteds to rewrite Wanteds, because that can give rise
to very confusing type error messages. A good example is #8450.
Here's another
f :: a -> Bool
f x = ( [x,'c'], [x,True] ) `seq` True
Here we get
[W] a ~ Char
[W] a ~ Bool
but we do not want to complain about Bool ~ Char!
Note [Deriveds do rewrite Deriveds]
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
However we DO allow Deriveds to rewrite Deriveds, because that's how
improvement works; see Note [The improvement story] in TcInteract.
However, for now at least I'm only letting (Derived,NomEq) rewrite
(Derived,NomEq) and not doing anything for ReprEq. If we have
eqCanRewriteFR (Derived, NomEq) (Derived, _) = True
then we lose property R2 of Definition [Can-rewrite relation]
in TcSMonad
R2. If f1 >= f, and f2 >= f,
then either f1 >= f2 or f2 >= f1
Consider f1 = (Given, ReprEq)
f2 = (Derived, NomEq)
f = (Derived, ReprEq)
I thought maybe we could never get Derived ReprEq constraints, but
we can; straight from the Wanteds during improvement. And from a Derived
ReprEq we could conceivably get a Derived NomEq improvement (by decomposing
a type constructor with Nomninal role), and hence unify.
-}
eqCanRewrite :: EqRel -> EqRel -> Bool
eqCanRewrite NomEq _ = True
eqCanRewrite ReprEq ReprEq = True
eqCanRewrite ReprEq NomEq = False
eqCanRewriteFR :: CtFlavourRole -> CtFlavourRole -> Bool
-- Can fr1 actually rewrite fr2?
-- Very important function!
-- See Note [eqCanRewrite]
-- See Note [Wanteds do not rewrite Wanteds]
-- See Note [Deriveds do rewrite Deriveds]
eqCanRewriteFR (Given, r1) (_, r2) = eqCanRewrite r1 r2
eqCanRewriteFR (Wanted WDeriv, NomEq) (Derived, NomEq) = True
eqCanRewriteFR (Derived, NomEq) (Derived, NomEq) = True
eqCanRewriteFR _ _ = False
eqMayRewriteFR :: CtFlavourRole -> CtFlavourRole -> Bool
-- Is it /possible/ that fr1 can rewrite fr2?
-- This is used when deciding which inerts to kick out,
-- at which time a [WD] inert may be split into [W] and [D]
eqMayRewriteFR (Wanted WDeriv, NomEq) (Wanted WDeriv, NomEq) = True
eqMayRewriteFR (Derived, NomEq) (Wanted WDeriv, NomEq) = True
eqMayRewriteFR fr1 fr2 = eqCanRewriteFR fr1 fr2
-----------------
{- Note [funEqCanDischarge]
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Suppose we have two CFunEqCans with the same LHS:
(x1:F ts ~ f1) `funEqCanDischarge` (x2:F ts ~ f2)
Can we drop x2 in favour of x1, either unifying
f2 (if it's a flatten meta-var) or adding a new Given
(f1 ~ f2), if x2 is a Given?
Answer: yes if funEqCanDischarge is true.
-}
funEqCanDischarge
:: CtEvidence -> CtEvidence
-> ( SwapFlag -- NotSwapped => lhs can discharge rhs
-- Swapped => rhs can discharge lhs
, Bool) -- True <=> upgrade non-discharded one
-- from [W] to [WD]
-- See Note [funEqCanDischarge]
funEqCanDischarge ev1 ev2
= ASSERT2( ctEvEqRel ev1 == NomEq, ppr ev1 )
ASSERT2( ctEvEqRel ev2 == NomEq, ppr ev2 )
-- CFunEqCans are all Nominal, hence asserts
funEqCanDischargeF (ctEvFlavour ev1) (ctEvFlavour ev2)
funEqCanDischargeF :: CtFlavour -> CtFlavour -> (SwapFlag, Bool)
funEqCanDischargeF Given _ = (NotSwapped, False)
funEqCanDischargeF _ Given = (IsSwapped, False)
funEqCanDischargeF (Wanted WDeriv) _ = (NotSwapped, False)
funEqCanDischargeF _ (Wanted WDeriv) = (IsSwapped, True)
funEqCanDischargeF (Wanted WOnly) (Wanted WOnly) = (NotSwapped, False)
funEqCanDischargeF (Wanted WOnly) Derived = (NotSwapped, True)
funEqCanDischargeF Derived (Wanted WOnly) = (IsSwapped, True)
funEqCanDischargeF Derived Derived = (NotSwapped, False)
{- Note [eqCanDischarge]
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Suppose we have two identical CTyEqCan equality constraints
(i.e. both LHS and RHS are the same)
(x1:a~t) `eqCanDischarge` (xs:a~t)
Can we just drop x2 in favour of x1?
Answer: yes if eqCanDischarge is true.
Note that we do /not/ allow Wanted to discharge Derived.
We must keep both. Why? Because the Derived may rewrite
other Deriveds in the model whereas the Wanted cannot.
However a Wanted can certainly discharge an identical Wanted. So
eqCanDischarge does /not/ define a can-rewrite relation in the
sense of Definition [Can-rewrite relation] in TcSMonad.
We /do/ say that a [W] can discharge a [WD]. In evidence terms it
certainly can, and the /caller/ arranges that the otherwise-lost [D]
is spat out as a new Derived. -}
eqCanDischargeFR :: CtFlavourRole -> CtFlavourRole -> Bool
-- See Note [eqCanDischarge]
eqCanDischargeFR (f1,r1) (f2, r2) = eqCanRewrite r1 r2
&& eqCanDischargeF f1 f2
eqCanDischargeF :: CtFlavour -> CtFlavour -> Bool
eqCanDischargeF Given _ = True
eqCanDischargeF (Wanted _) (Wanted _) = True
eqCanDischargeF (Wanted WDeriv) Derived = True
eqCanDischargeF Derived Derived = True
eqCanDischargeF _ _ = False
{-
************************************************************************
* *
SubGoalDepth
* *
************************************************************************
Note [SubGoalDepth]
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
The 'SubGoalDepth' takes care of stopping the constraint solver from looping.
The counter starts at zero and increases. It includes dictionary constraints,
equality simplification, and type family reduction. (Why combine these? Because
it's actually quite easy to mistake one for another, in sufficiently involved
scenarios, like ConstraintKinds.)
The flag -freduction-depth=n fixes the maximium level.
* The counter includes the depth of type class instance declarations. Example:
[W] d{7} : Eq [Int]
That is d's dictionary-constraint depth is 7. If we use the instance
$dfEqList :: Eq a => Eq [a]
to simplify it, we get
d{7} = $dfEqList d'{8}
where d'{8} : Eq Int, and d' has depth 8.
For civilised (decidable) instance declarations, each increase of
depth removes a type constructor from the type, so the depth never
gets big; i.e. is bounded by the structural depth of the type.
* The counter also increments when resolving
equalities involving type functions. Example:
Assume we have a wanted at depth 7:
[W] d{7} : F () ~ a
If there is a type function equation "F () = Int", this would be rewritten to
[W] d{8} : Int ~ a
and remembered as having depth 8.
Again, without UndecidableInstances, this counter is bounded, but without it
can resolve things ad infinitum. Hence there is a maximum level.
* Lastly, every time an equality is rewritten, the counter increases. Again,
rewriting an equality constraint normally makes progress, but it's possible
the "progress" is just the reduction of an infinitely-reducing type family.
Hence we need to track the rewrites.
When compiling a program requires a greater depth, then GHC recommends turning
off this check entirely by setting -freduction-depth=0. This is because the
exact number that works is highly variable, and is likely to change even between
minor releases. Because this check is solely to prevent infinite compilation
times, it seems safe to disable it when a user has ascertained that their program
doesn't loop at the type level.
-}
-- | See Note [SubGoalDepth]
newtype SubGoalDepth = SubGoalDepth Int
deriving (Eq, Ord, Outputable)
initialSubGoalDepth :: SubGoalDepth
initialSubGoalDepth = SubGoalDepth 0
bumpSubGoalDepth :: SubGoalDepth -> SubGoalDepth
bumpSubGoalDepth (SubGoalDepth n) = SubGoalDepth (n + 1)
maxSubGoalDepth :: SubGoalDepth -> SubGoalDepth -> SubGoalDepth
maxSubGoalDepth (SubGoalDepth n) (SubGoalDepth m) = SubGoalDepth (n `max` m)
subGoalDepthExceeded :: DynFlags -> SubGoalDepth -> Bool
subGoalDepthExceeded dflags (SubGoalDepth d)
= mkIntWithInf d > reductionDepth dflags
{-
************************************************************************
* *
CtLoc
* *
************************************************************************
The 'CtLoc' gives information about where a constraint came from.
This is important for decent error message reporting because
dictionaries don't appear in the original source code.
type will evolve...
-}
data CtLoc = CtLoc { ctl_origin :: CtOrigin
, ctl_env :: TcLclEnv
, ctl_t_or_k :: Maybe TypeOrKind -- OK if we're not sure
, ctl_depth :: !SubGoalDepth }
-- The TcLclEnv includes particularly
-- source location: tcl_loc :: RealSrcSpan
-- context: tcl_ctxt :: [ErrCtxt]
-- binder stack: tcl_bndrs :: TcBinderStack
-- level: tcl_tclvl :: TcLevel
mkKindLoc :: TcType -> TcType -- original *types* being compared
-> CtLoc -> CtLoc
mkKindLoc s1 s2 loc = setCtLocOrigin (toKindLoc loc)
(KindEqOrigin s1 (Just s2) (ctLocOrigin loc)
(ctLocTypeOrKind_maybe loc))
-- | Take a CtLoc and moves it to the kind level
toKindLoc :: CtLoc -> CtLoc
toKindLoc loc = loc { ctl_t_or_k = Just KindLevel }
mkGivenLoc :: TcLevel -> SkolemInfo -> TcLclEnv -> CtLoc
mkGivenLoc tclvl skol_info env
= CtLoc { ctl_origin = GivenOrigin skol_info
, ctl_env = setLclEnvTcLevel env tclvl
, ctl_t_or_k = Nothing -- this only matters for error msgs
, ctl_depth = initialSubGoalDepth }
ctLocEnv :: CtLoc -> TcLclEnv
ctLocEnv = ctl_env
ctLocLevel :: CtLoc -> TcLevel
ctLocLevel loc = getLclEnvTcLevel (ctLocEnv loc)
ctLocDepth :: CtLoc -> SubGoalDepth
ctLocDepth = ctl_depth
ctLocOrigin :: CtLoc -> CtOrigin
ctLocOrigin = ctl_origin
ctLocSpan :: CtLoc -> RealSrcSpan
ctLocSpan (CtLoc { ctl_env = lcl}) = getLclEnvLoc lcl
ctLocTypeOrKind_maybe :: CtLoc -> Maybe TypeOrKind
ctLocTypeOrKind_maybe = ctl_t_or_k
setCtLocSpan :: CtLoc -> RealSrcSpan -> CtLoc
setCtLocSpan ctl@(CtLoc { ctl_env = lcl }) loc = setCtLocEnv ctl (setLclEnvLoc lcl loc)
bumpCtLocDepth :: CtLoc -> CtLoc
bumpCtLocDepth loc@(CtLoc { ctl_depth = d }) = loc { ctl_depth = bumpSubGoalDepth d }
setCtLocOrigin :: CtLoc -> CtOrigin -> CtLoc
setCtLocOrigin ctl orig = ctl { ctl_origin = orig }
updateCtLocOrigin :: CtLoc -> (CtOrigin -> CtOrigin) -> CtLoc
updateCtLocOrigin ctl@(CtLoc { ctl_origin = orig }) upd
= ctl { ctl_origin = upd orig }
setCtLocEnv :: CtLoc -> TcLclEnv -> CtLoc
setCtLocEnv ctl env = ctl { ctl_env = env }
pprCtLoc :: CtLoc -> SDoc
-- "arising from ... at ..."
-- Not an instance of Outputable because of the "arising from" prefix
pprCtLoc (CtLoc { ctl_origin = o, ctl_env = lcl})
= sep [ pprCtOrigin o
, text "at" <+> ppr (getLclEnvLoc lcl)]