arch-hs: A program generating PKGBUILD for hackage packages.

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arch-hs is a command-line program, which simplifies the process of producing and maintaining haskell packages for archlinux distribution by automating the PKGBUILD generation with the dependency resolving and template filling. Currently, arch-hs is unstable, so packagers should not trust it 100%, but always follow the Haskell package guidelines.


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Versions [RSS] [faq] 0.0.0.0, 0.1.0.0, 0.1.1.0, 0.2.0.0, 0.3.0.0, 0.4.0.0, 0.5.0.0, 0.6.0.0, 0.6.1.0, 0.6.2.0, 0.7.0.0, 0.7.1.0, 0.8.0.0, 0.9.0.0, 0.9.1.0
Change log CHANGELOG.md
Dependencies aeson (>=1.5.4 && <1.6), algebraic-graphs (==0.5.*), arch-hs, base (>=4.14.0 && <4.15), bytestring (>=0.10.10 && <0.11), Cabal (>=3.2.0 && <3.3), colourista (==0.1.*), conduit (>=1.3.2 && <1.4), conduit-extra (>=1.3.5 && <1.4), containers (>=0.6.2 && <0.7), deepseq (>=1.4.4 && <1.5), directory (>=1.3.6 && <1.4), filepath (>=1.4.2 && <1.5), hackage-db (>=2.1.0 && <2.2), megaparsec (>=8.0.0 && <8.1), microlens (>=0.4.11 && <0.5), microlens-th (>=0.4.3 && <0.5), neat-interpolation (>=0.5.1 && <0.6), optparse-applicative (>=0.15.1 && <0.16), polysemy (>=1.3.0 && <1.4), req (>=3.6.0 && <3.7), split (>=0.2.3 && <0.3), tar-conduit (>=0.3.2 && <0.4), template-haskell (>=2.16.0 && <2.17), text (>=1.2.3 && <1.3) [details]
License MIT
Copyright 2020 berberman
Author berberman
Maintainer berberman <1793913507@qq.com>
Category Distribution
Home page https://github.com/berberman/arch-hs
Bug tracker https://github.com/berberman/arch-hs/issues
Source repo head: git clone https://github.com/berberman/arch-hs.git
Uploaded by berberman at 2020-09-26T11:49:41Z
Distributions Arch:0.9.1.0, NixOS:0.9.1.0
Executables arch-hs-diff, arch-hs
Downloads 2028 total (42 in the last 30 days)
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arch-hs

GitHub CI Build Status Hackage MIT license

A program generating PKGBUILD for hackage packages. Special thanks to felixonmars.

Notice that arch-hs will always support only the latest GHC version.

Introduction

Given the name of a package in hackage, arch-hs can generate PKGBUILD files, not only for the package whose name is given, but also for all dependencies missing in community. arch-hs has a naive built-in dependency solver, which can fetch those dependencies and find out which are required to be packaged. During the dependency calculation, all version constraints will be discarded due to the arch haskell packaging strategy, thus there is no guarantee of dependencies' version consistency.

Prerequisite

arch-hs is just a PKGBUILD text file generator, which is not integrated with pacman, depending on nothing than:

  • Pacman database (community.db)

  • Hackage index tarball (01-index.tar, or 00-index.tar previously) -- usually provided by cabal-install

Installation

Both arch-hs and arch-hs-diff are portable, which means that they are not restricted to Arch Linux. However, if you want to run them in other systems, you have to build them from source.

Install the latest release

# pacman -S arch-hs

arch-hs is available in community, so you can install it using pacman.

Install the development version

# pacman -S arch-hs-git

The -git version is available in archlinuxcn, following the latest git commit.

Build

$ git clone https://github.com/berberman/arch-hs

Then build it via stack or cabal.

Stack

$ stack build

Cabal (dynamic)

$ cabal configure --disable-library-vanilla --enable-shared --enable-executable-dynamic --ghc-options=-dynamic 
$ cabal build

Usage

Just run arch-hs in command line with options and a target. Here is an example: we will create the archlinux package of dhall-lsp-server:

$ arch-hs -o "/home/berberman/Desktop/test/" dhall-lsp-server

......

  ⓘ Recommended package order (from topological sort):
1. haskell-lsp-types
2. haskell-lsp
3. dhall-lsp-server

  ⓘ Detected flags from targets (their values will keep default unless you specify):
haskell-lsp
    ⚐ demo:
      description: Build the lsp-hello demo executable
      default: False
      isManual: False

  ⓘ Write file: /home/berberman/Desktop/test/dhall-lsp-server/PKGBUILD
  ⓘ Write file: /home/berberman/Desktop/test/haskell-lsp/PKGBUILD
  ⓘ Write file: /home/berberman/Desktop/test/haskell-lsp-types/PKGBUILD
  ✔ Success!

This message tells us that in order to package dhall-lsp-server, we must package haskell-lsp-types and haskell-lsp sequentially, because they don't present in archlinux community repo.

/home/berberman/Desktop/test
├── dhall-lsp-server
│   └── PKGBUILD
├── haskell-lsp
│   └── PKGBUILD
└── haskell-lsp-types
    └── PKGBUILD

arch-hs will generate PKGBUILD for each packages. Let's see what we have in ./haskell-lsp/PKGBUILD:

# This file was generated by arch-hs, please check it manually.
# Maintainer: Your Name <youremail@domain.com>

_hkgname=haskell-lsp
pkgname=haskell-lsp
pkgver=0.22.0.0
pkgrel=1
pkgdesc="Haskell library for the Microsoft Language Server Protocol"
url="https://github.com/alanz/haskell-lsp"
license=("custom:MIT")
arch=('x86_64')
depends=('ghc-libs' 'haskell-aeson' 'haskell-async' 'haskell-attoparsec' 'haskell-data-default' 'haskell-hashable' 'haskell-lsp-types' 'haskell-hslogger' 'haskell-lens' 'haskell-network-uri' 'haskell-rope-utf16-splay' 'haskell-sorted-list' 'haskell-temporary' 'haskell-unordered-containers' 'haskell-vector')
makedepends=('ghc' 'haskell-quickcheck' 'haskell-hspec' 'haskell-hspec-discover' 'haskell-quickcheck-instances')
source=("https://hackage.haskell.org/packages/archive/$_hkgname/$pkgver/$_hkgname-$pkgver.tar.gz")
sha256sums=('SKIP')

prepare(){
  cd $_hkgname-$pkgver
}

build() {
  cd $_hkgname-$pkgver    

  runhaskell Setup configure -O --enable-shared --enable-executable-dynamic --disable-library-vanilla \
    --prefix=/usr --docdir=/usr/share/doc/$pkgname --enable-tests \
    --dynlibdir=/usr/lib --libsubdir=\$compiler/site-local/\$pkgid \
    --ghc-option=-optl-Wl\,-z\,relro\,-z\,now \
    --ghc-option='-pie'

  runhaskell Setup build
  runhaskell Setup register --gen-script
  runhaskell Setup unregister --gen-script
  sed -i -r -e "s|ghc-pkg.*update[^ ]* |&'--force' |" register.sh
  sed -i -r -e "s|ghc-pkg.*unregister[^ ]* |&'--force' |" unregister.sh
}

check() {
  cd $_hkgname-$pkgver
  runhaskell Setup test
}

package() {
  cd $_hkgname-$pkgver

  install -D -m744 register.sh "$pkgdir"/usr/share/haskell/register/$pkgname.sh
  install -D -m744 unregister.sh "$pkgdir"/usr/share/haskell/unregister/$pkgname.sh
  runhaskell Setup copy --destdir="$pkgdir"
  install -D -m644 "LICENSE" "${pkgdir}/usr/share/licenses/${pkgname}/LICENSE"
  rm -f "${pkgdir}/usr/share/doc/${pkgname}/LICENSE"
}

arch-hs will collect the information from hackage db, and apply it into a fixed template after some processing steps including renaming, matching license, and filling out dependencies etc. If the package doesn't have test suits, check() will be removed. However, packaging haven't been done so far. arch-hs may does well statically, but we should guarantee that this package can be built by ghc with the latest dependencies; hence some patchs may be required in prepare().

Options

Output

$ arch-hs -o "/home/berberman/Desktop/test/" termonad

This will generate a series of PKGBUILD including termonad with its dependencies into the output dir.

Flag Assignments

$ arch-hs -f inline-c:gsl-example:true termonad

Using -f can pass flags, which may affect the results of rsolving.

AUR Searching

$ arch-hs -a termonad

Using -a can regard AUR as another package provider. arch-hs will try to search missing packages in AUR.

Skipping Components

$ arch-hs -s termonad-test termonad

Using -s can force skip runnable components in dependency rsolving. This is useful when a package doesn't provide flag to disable its runnables, which will be built by default but are trivial in system level packaging. Notice that this only makes sense in the lifetime of arch-hs, whereas generated PKGBUILD and actual build processes will not be affected.

Extra Cabal Files

$ arch-hs -e /home/berberman/arch-hs/arch-hs.cabal arch-hs

Using -e can include extra .cabal files as supplementary. Useful when the target like arch-hs hasn't been released to hackage.

Trace

$ arch-hs --trace termonad

Using --trace can print the process of dependency resolving into stdout.

$ arch-hs --trace-file foo.log termonad

Similar to --trace, but the log will be written into a file.

Help

$ arch-hs --help
arch-hs - a program generating PKGBUILD for hackage packages.

Usage: arch-hs [-h|--hackage PATH] [-c|--community PATH] [-o|--output PATH] 
               [-f|--flags package_name:flag_name:true|false,...] 
               [-s|--skip component_name,...] [-e|--extra PATH_1,...] [-a|--aur]
               [--trace] [--trace-file PATH] TARGET
  Try to reach the TARGET QAQ.

Available options:
  -h,--hackage PATH        Path to hackage index
                           tarball (default: "~/.cabal/packages/YOUR_HACKAGE_MIRROR/01-index.tar | 00-index.tar")
  -c,--community PATH      Path to
                           community.db (default: "/var/lib/pacman/sync/community.db")
  -o,--output PATH         Output path to generated PKGBUILD files (empty means
                           dry run)
  -f,--flags package_name:flag_name:true|false,...
                           Flag assignments for packages - e.g.
                           inline-c:gsl-example:true (separated by ',')
  -s,--skip component_name,...
                           Skip a runnable component (executable, test suit, or
                           benchmark) in dependency calculation
  -e,--extra PATH_1,...    Extra cabal files' path - e.g.
                           /home/berberman/arch-hs/arch-hs.cabal
  -a,--aur                 Enable AUR searching
  --trace                  Print trace to stdout
  --trace-file PATH        Path to trace file (empty means do not write trace to
                           file)
  -h,--help                Show this help text

For all available options, have a look at the help message.

Diff

arch-hs also provides a component called arch-hs-diff. arch-hs-diff can show the differences of package description between two versions of a package. This is useful in the subsequent maintenance of a package. Example:

$ arch-hs-diff HTTP 4000.3.14 4000.3.15
  ▶ You didn't pass -f, different flag values may make difference in dependency resolving.
  ⓘ Start running...
  ⓘ Downloading cabal file from https://hackage.haskell.org/package/HTTP-4000.3.14/revision/0.cabal...
  ⓘ Downloading cabal file from https://hackage.haskell.org/package/HTTP-4000.3.15/revision/0.cabal...
Package: HTTP
Version: 4000.3.14  ⇒  4000.3.15
Synopsis: A library for client-side HTTP
URL: https://github.com/haskell/HTTP
Depends:
    base  >=4.3.0.0 && <4.14
    time  >=1.1.2.3 && <1.10
    array  >=0.3.0.2 && <0.6
    bytestring  >=0.9.1.5 && <0.11
    mtl  >=2.0 && <2.3
    network  >=2.6 && <3.2
    network-uri  ==2.6.*
    parsec  >=2.0 && <3.2
--------------------------------------
    base  >=4.3.0.0 && <4.15
    time  >=1.1.2.3 && <1.11
    array  >=0.3.0.2 && <0.6
    bytestring  >=0.9.1.5 && <0.11
    mtl  >=2.0 && <2.3
    network  >=2.6 && <3.2
    network-uri  ==2.6.*
    parsec  >=2.0 && <3.2
MakeDepends:
    HUnit  >=1.2.0.1 && <1.7
    deepseq  >=1.3.0.0 && <1.5
    httpd-shed  >=0.4 && <0.5
    mtl  >=1.1.1.0 && <2.3
    pureMD5  >=0.2.4 && <2.2
    split  >=0.1.3 && <0.3
    test-framework  >=0.2.0 && <0.9
    test-framework-hunit  >=0.3.0 && <0.4
Flags:
  HTTP
    ⚐ mtl1:
      description:
        Use the old mtl version 1.
      default: False
      isManual: False
    ⚐ warn-as-error:
      description:
        Build with warnings-as-errors
      default: False
      isManual: True
    ⚐ conduit10:
      description:
        Use version 1.0.x or below of the conduit package (for the test suite)
      default: False
      isManual: False
    ⚐ warp-tests:
      description:
        Test against warp
      default: False
      isManual: True
    ⚐ network-uri:
      description:
        Get Network.URI from the network-uri package
      default: True
      isManual: False


  ✔ Success!

arch-hs-diff does not require hackage db, it downloads cabal files from hackage server instead.

Limitations

  • The dependency solver will ONLY expand the dependencies of executables , libraries and sub-libraries recursively, because circular dependency lies ubiquitously involving test suites and their buildTools. arch-hs is not able to handle with complicated situations: the libraries of a package partially exist in hackage, some libraries include external sources, etc.

  • Currently, arch-hs's functionality is limited to dependency processing, whereas necessary procedures like file patches, loose of version constraints, etc. are need to be done manually, so DO NOT give too much trust in generated PKGBUILD files.

ToDoList

  • [ ] Standardized pretty printing.

  • [ ] Structuralized PKGBUILD template.

  • [x] AUR support.

  • [ ] A watchdog during dependency calculation.

  • [x] Working with given .cabal files which haven't been released to hackage.

  • [ ] Using hackage-security to manage hackage index tarball.

Contributing

Issues and PRs are always welcome. _(:з」∠)_