vulkan: Bindings to the Vulkan graphics API.

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Versions 0.1.0.0, 0.2.0.0, 1.0.0.0, 1.2.0.0, 1.3.0.0, 1.3.1.0, 1.3.2.0, 1.5.0.0, 1.5.1.0, 1.6.0.0, 1.7.0.0, 2.0.0.0, 2.0.0.1, 2.1.0.0, 3.0.0.0, 3.1.0.0, 3.2.0.0, 3.3, 3.3, 3.3.1, 3.4, 3.5, 3.6, 3.6.1, 3.6.2, 3.6.3, 3.6.4, 3.6.5, 3.6.6, 3.6.7, 3.6.8, 3.6.9, 3.6.10, 3.6.11, 3.6.11.1, 3.6.12, 3.6.13, 3.6.14, 3.6.15, 3.7, 3.8, 3.8.1, 3.8.2, 3.8.3, 3.9, 3.9.1, 3.10, 3.10.1, 3.10.2, 3.10.3, 3.10.4, 3.11, 3.11.0.2, 3.11.1, 3.11.2, 3.11.3, 3.11.4, 3.11.4.1, 3.11.5, 3.12, 3.12.1, 3.12.2, 3.13, 3.13.1, 3.13.2, 3.13.3, 3.13.4, 3.14, 3.14.1, 3.14.2, 3.15
Change log changelog.md
Dependencies base (<4.15), bytestring, transformers, vector [details]
License BSD-3-Clause
Author
Maintainer Joe Hermaszewski <live.long.and.prosper@monoid.al>
Category Graphics
Home page https://github.com/expipiplus1/vulkan#readme
Bug tracker https://github.com/expipiplus1/vulkan/issues
Source repo head: git clone https://github.com/expipiplus1/vulkan
Uploaded by jophish at 2020-05-07T11:48:33Z

Modules

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Manual Flags

NameDescriptionDefault
safe-foreign-calls

Do not mark foreign imports as unsafe. This means that callbacks from Vulkan to Haskell will work. If you are using these then make sure this flag is enabled.

Disabled
Automatic Flags
NameDescriptionDefault

Use -f <flag> to enable a flag, or -f -<flag> to disable that flag. More info

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For package maintainers and hackage trustees


Readme for vulkan-3.3

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vulkan

Slightly high level Haskell bindings to the Vulkan graphics API.

These bindings present an interface to Vulkan which looks like more idiomatic Haskell and which is much less verbose than the C API. Nevertheless, it retains access to all the functionality. If you find something you can do in the C bindings but not in these high level bindings please raise an issue.

Practically speaking this means:

Package structure

Types and functions are placed into modules according to the features and extensions portions of the specification. As these sections only mention functions, a best guess has to be made for types. Types and constants are drawn in transitively according to the dependencies of the functions.

It should be sufficient to import Vulkan.CoreXX along with Vulkan.Extensions.{whatever extensions you want}. You might want to import Vulkan.Zero too.

These bindings are intended to be imported qualified and do not feature the Vk prefixes on commands, structures, members or constants.

Things to know

Minor things

How the C types relate to Haskell types

These bindings take advantage of the meta information present in the specification detailing the validity of structures and arguments.

If anything is unclear please raise an issue. The marshaling to and from Haskell and C is automatically generated and I've not checked every single function. It's possible that there are some commands or structs which could be represented better in Haskell, if so please also raise an issue.

Vulkan errors

If a Vulkan command has the VkResult type as a return value, this is checked and a VulkanException is thrown if it is not a success code. If the only success code a command can return is VK_SUCCESS then this is elided from the return type. If a command can return other success codes, for instance VK_EVENT_SET then the success code is exposed.

Bracketing commands

There are certain sets commands which must be called in pairs, for instance the create and destroy commands for using resources. In order to facilitate safe use of these commands, (i.e. ensure that the corresponding destroy command is always called) these bindings expose similarly named commands prefixed with with (for Create/Destroy and Allocate/Free pairs) or use for (Begin/End pairs). If the command is used in command buffer building then it is additionally prefixed with cmd.

These are higher order functions which take as their first argument a consumer for a pair of create and destroy commands. Values which fit this hole include Control.Exception.bracket, Control.Monad.Trans.Resource.allocate and (,).

An example is withInstance which calls createInstance and destroyInstance. Notice how the AllocationCallbacks parameter is automatically passed to the createInstance and destroyInstance command.

createInstance
  :: forall a m
   . (PokeChain a, MonadIO m)
  => InstanceCreateInfo a
  -> Maybe AllocationCallbacks
  -> m Instance

destroyInstance
  :: forall m
   . MonadIO m
  => Instance
  -> Maybe AllocationCallbacks
  -> m ()

withInstance
  :: forall a m r
   . (PokeChain a, MonadIO m)
  => (m Instance -> (Instance -> m ()) -> r)
  -> InstanceCreateInfo a
  -> Maybe AllocationCallbacks
  -> r

Example usage:

import Control.Monad.Trans.Resource (runResourceT, allocate)
-- Create an instance and print its value
main = runResourceT $ do
  (instanceReleaseKey, inst) <- withInstance allocate zero Nothing
  liftIO $ print inst

-- Begin a render pass, draw something and end the render pass
drawTriangle =
  cmdUseRenderPass buffer renderPassBeginInfo SUBPASS_CONTENTS_INLINE bracket_
    $ do
        cmdBindPipeline buffer PIPELINE_BIND_POINT_GRAPHICS graphicsPipeline
        cmdDraw buffer 3 1 0 0

These pairs of commands aren't explicit in the specification, so a list of them is maintained in the generation code, if you see something missing please open an issue (these pairs are generated in VK/Bracket.hs).

Dual use commands

Certain commands, such as vkEnumerateDeviceLayerProperties or vkGetDisplayModePropertiesKHR, have a dual use. If they are not given a pointer to return an array of results then they instead return the total number of possible results, otherwise they return a number of results. There is an idiom in Vulkan which involves calling this function once with a null pointer to get the total number of queryable values, allocating space for querying that many values and they calling the function again to get the values. These bindings expose commands which automatically return all the results. As an example enumeratePhysicalDevices has the type Instance -> IO (Result, Vector PhysicalDevice).

Structure chains

Most structures in Vulkan have a member called pNext which can be a pointer to another Vulkan structure containing additional information. In these high level bindings the head of any struct chain is parameterized over the rest of the items in the chain. This allows for using type inference for getting struct chain return values out of Vulkan, for example: getPhysicalDeviceFeatures2 :: (PokeChain a, PeekChain a) => PhysicalDevice -> IO (PysicalDeviceFeatures2 a); here the variable a :: [Type] represents the structures present in the chain returned from vkGetPhysicalDeviceFeatures2.

There exists a GADT SomeStruct which captures the case of an unknown tail in the struct chain. This is also used for nested chains inside structs.

Struct chains inside records are represented as nested tuples: next :: (Something, (SomethingElse, (AThirdThing, ())))

Building

This package requires GHC 8.6 or higher due to the use of the QuantifiedConstraints language extension.

Make sure you have initialized the VulkanMemoryAllocator submodule if you intend to build the VulkanMemoryAllocator package.

If you provision libvulkan.so (the Vulkan loader) with nix and you're not on NixOS, you'll have to use NixGL to run your programs. For this reason it's recommended to use the system-provided libvulkan.so.

For instructions on how to regenerate the bindings see the readme in ./generate-new.

To build the example programs. You'll need to supply the following system packages:

Examples

There exists a package to build some example programs in the examples directory.

Current Status

All the core Vulkan 1.0, 1.1, and 1.2 functionality is here as well as all the extensions.

This is currently a 64 bit only library.

See also

The VulkanMemoryAllocator package (source in the VulkanMemoryAllocator directory) has similarly styled bindings to the Vulkan Memory Allocator library.

The vulkan-utils package (not currently on Hackage) includes a few utilities for writing programs using these bindings.

For an alternative take on Haskell bindings to Vulkan see the vulkan-api package. vulkan-api stores Vulkan structs in their C representation as ByteArray# whereas this library allocates structs on the stack and keeps them alive for just the lifetime of any Vulkan command call.


1: Note that you'll still have to request any required extensions for the function pointers belonging to that extension to be populated. An exception will be thrown if you try to call a function pointer which is null.

2: The exception is where the spec allows the application to pass NULL for the vector with a non-zero count. In these cases it was deemed clearer to preserve the "count" member and allow the Haskell application to pass a zero-length vector to indicate NULL.